National Geographic : 1925 Dec
THE TAURINE WORLD 707 Photograph by Franklin L. Fisher THE ENTRANCE OF TilE BULLFIGIITERS: LISBON In Portugal bullfighting is a sport of skill shorn of much of the brutality which marks the contests in Spain. The horses are not gored and the bull is not killed, but after the toreador has successfully implanted a certain number of banderillas in the animal's back it is pronounced "dead" by the judges and is then driven from the arena. ers' Association promote the breed in Britain and on this side, engage in registration of pure bred animals, and publish Herd Books. In the American register 388,594 animals have been recorded. Quite a number of boys' and girls' calf clubs in the Middle \est are promoting this black polled breed (see illustration, page 687). The Aberdeen-Angus does not have so wide a world distribution as the Shorthorn or Here ford, but it is steadily growing in popularity in the land of its nativity, in England, Canada, and the United States. THE GALLOWAYS A first cousin of the Aberdeen-Angus is the Galloway, native to the district of that name in extreme southwestern Scotland, which to-day includes the old shires of Wigtown and Kirk cudbright. The present-day area of Galloway, some 40 by 9o miles, with a sea front on the south and west, has a variable surface of wide moors, rough hills, and heather-topped mountains. The climate is damp and cloudy much of the time, cold and inclement in winter and often cool in summer. Much of the land is well suited to grass, and cattle graze upon the pastures through most of the year. The origin of the Galloway is involved in the same obscurity which attaches to the Aber deen-Angus. Developed in a region where horns were not uncommon, breeders by selection have gradually established the polled type. About 1789 George Cullevy wrote of "polled or humbled" cattle, and stated that "for the original of these we must look in Galloway." English cattle buyers early showed a prefer ence for polled varieties, and "by the end of the eighteenth century as many as 20,000 head of cattle were driven from Galloway to the English markets." In hornless character, color, and general form the Galloway and Aberdeen-Angus bear a close resemblance. As a rule, however, the Galloway is not so wide of back and deep of body; neither does it fatten so easily as the Aberdeen Angus. although it produces a superior carcass. These cattle are extremely hardy, and have made a fine record in this regard at the Alaska Experiment Station at Sitka, where they have been bred for a number of years.