National Geographic : 1926 May
MOTOR-COACHING THROUGH NORTH CAROLINA old Salem. A colonial dignity, a sweet primness, breathes from its columned porches, its tree-shaded promenades, its ivied walls. Momentarily you expect some lavender-fragrant ghost in poke-bonnet, cross-gartered stockings, and ringlets to trip around the corner with a curtsey in passing. Cross a few streets and one is amid Winston's humming beehives of indus trialism, where 15,000 wage-earners are turning out their daily trainloads of manu factured tobacco, furniture, and textiles on a scale that leads Uncle Sam to rate Winston-Salem as the South's second in dustrial city. A circle inclosing Winston-Salem with the denims center of Greensboro and the furniture center of High Point delimits an industrial patch 30 miles across, repre senting an annual products value of more than $300,ooo000ooo. NO CARMENS IN WINSTON-SALEM'S CIGARETTE FACTORIES Carmen, with a hand on her hip and a rose between her lips, is a world away from VWinston-Salem's methods of cigar ette manufacture. One machine shreds and feeds out the "makings." Another rolls them into a never-ending length of cigarette, which, as it oozes forth, is slipped into multiples as rapidly as a ma chine-gun sprays bullets. Other machines make containers, affix revenue stamps, imprint and record serial ized numbers-in fact, do everything for the smoker except to hand him a match. It is the machine that plays the title role of Carmen, while the girl inspectors are merely understudies. Winston-Salem's stamp-sticking ma chines consume annually the most ex pensive meal in the world-a matter of $ioo,ooo,ooo worth of Uncle Sam's fa- miliar llue imprints. That is the sum of her Federal taxes, which represent one half of those paid by North Carolina. LOOTING OF DURHAM'S TOBACCO STORES STARTE) I1ER FORTUNE From the tobacco standpoint. North Carolina's civic twins are really Winston and Durham. At Durham the first per fected cigarette-rolling machine was used, and her fame for the "makings" dates back to the Civil War. The local legend runs that during the peace-prefacing armistice the smoke-hun gry Yanks and Rebs encamped around Durham descended upon its tobacco stores and looted them. Later on the ruined owners had a joy ous surprise, for when the demobilized soldiers began writing back from all over the United States for "some of that bright-leaf tobacco," Durham awoke to the fact that she had bought a nation-wide advertisement. Durham finely symbolizes education springing out of industrialism, for it is the seat of Duke University, which is destined by recent bequests to become one of the country's greatest centers of learn ing. Social welfare springing out of edu cation is as finely symbolized by the near by State university at Chapel Hill (see illustration on opposite page). My last impression of North Carolina was an industrial nocturne, glimpsed from our sleeper as we shot by some humming mill town-a blaze of tiered lights, a roar of sleepless machines, the picture framed in night as black as once it was among the pine forests of the State's origin. With those shorn forests, there has passed away forever her Golden Age, and instead she stands upon the threshold of industrial power.