National Geographic : 1929 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photograph by Clifton Adams AN ILLUSTRATION OF ONE OF THE MEANS BY WHICH INJURI OUS INSECTS MAY BE DISTRIBUTED BY MAN UNWITTINGLY Several insects occurring in south Florida caught in the radiator of an automobile. Some flew into the path of the drawn in by the draft of the motor-cooling fan. are plant feeders, but not a few are omniv orous. Several of the more common Ameri can stink-bugs are green, like the large green tree bug and the bound tree bug; other com mon species are brown. A few of the American species are as bizarre in their dress as a clown, and it is this char acter of its coat that gives to one of our worst pests, the Harlequin Cabbage-bug, its everyday name. That insect also might be regarded as the beer bug, for its eggs, neatly arranged in groups of twelve, six in a row, look like a group of miniature beer kegs, even down to the hoops and the bung. The species reproduced are: Harlequin Cab bage-bug (Murgantia histrionica Hahn. Plate IV, figure 3), habitat United States; Arocera car and some were clongata Uhler. (Plate V, figure i), habitat Brazil; Dalpada oculata Fab. (Plate V, figure 2), oc curring in India, China, and Japan; Vulsirea vio lacea Fab. (Plate V, fig ure 3), ranging from Mexico to Brazil; Aro cera splendens Blanch. (Plate V, figure 4), na tive of Central America and the northern part of South America; Edcssa haedina Stal. (Plate V, figure 5), native of Mex ico; Brachystethus rubro anaculatus Dallas. (Plate V, figure 6), inhabiting Central America and Mexico; Ncsara hilaris Say. (Plate V, figure 7), occurring in the United States; Chalcocoris ruti lans Stoll. (Plate V, fig ure 8), habitat Africa; Catacanthus incarnatus Drury. (Plate V, figure 9), occurring in Japan, China, and Borneo; Cata canthus carrenoi LeGuill. (Plate V, figure Io), a native of the Philippines; E d c s s a rufomarginatac DeGeer. (Plate V, figure I ), ranging from Mex ico to the Argentine; Pharypia pulchella Stoll. (Plate V, figure 12), ranging from Mexico south to Brazil; Edessa cervus Stoll. (Plate V, figure 13), habitat Brazil to northern South Amer ica; Pygoplatys longiceps Stal. (Plate V, figure 14), occurring in the Philip pines; Lo.xa variegata Dist. (Plate V, figure 15), occurring in Costa Rica and Panama. Cotton-stainer Family (Pyrrhocoridae). This family is represented in our fauna by 22 species, which sometimes are known as red bugs. The cotton-stainers do much damage by piercing cotton stems and bolls with their beaks and sucking the sap. Their principal damage, however, comes from the staining of the cotton in its open boll by the insects' excre tions. Some species attack oranges, puncturing the skin and thereby causing the fruit to decay and fall to the ground. The species reproduced are: Dysdercus mnimus Say. (Plate IV, figure 5), occurring in the South; Dysdercus andreac Linn. (Plate IV, figure 6), occurring in Florida and the West Indies.