National Geographic : 2004 Jun
At War and at Ease 1865 Displaying cocksure poses, U.S. Treasury Guards were charged with defend ing the Treasury Building from attack by Confederate troops. Work on the Washington Monument, at upper left, had begun in 1848 but was suspended just before the Civil War when the private groups sponsoring its creation ran out of money. After the war, the federal government financed construction, which wasn't completed until 1884. The mar ble facing for the two phases came from separate quarries. The resulting difference in color left an enduring symbol of a nation divided and reunited. 68 NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC * JUNE 2004 894 On any list of Mall oddities, the General Noble Redwood Tree House (facing page, top) would stand tall. Created in an era when trees were often named after prom inent citizens, it was crafted when workmen felled a 2,000-year-old California sequoia called General Noble, then hollowed out sec tions that were later reassembled on the Mall. A Civil War officer, John Willock Noble served as interior secretary from 1889 to 1893, distinguishing himself, ironically, by championing laws to protect forests on fed eral land. The structure was removed from the Mall in 1930 and later destroyed.