National Geographic : 2004 Nov
* SALAFIST GROUP FOR CALL AND COMBAT Algeria ACTIVITIES Attacks on government and military MEMBERS Several hundred This newly powerful Islamist group aims to topple Algeria's secular government, expel foreign influences, and advance al Qaeda's agenda in Africa and Europe. MOROCCO 1 an MOROCCAN BASQUE ISLAMIC COM- FATHERLAND AND BATANT GROUP LIBERTY (ETA) Morocco Spain, France ACTIVITIES ACTIVITIES Bombing, arms, Assassination, bombing, forgery extortion MEMBERS MEMBERS Unknown Dozens This Moroccan Islamist Founded in 1959, this group, reportedly linked group has targeted Span to al Qaeda, is accused ish officials and security of recent mass-casualty forces in its fight for an bombings in Madrid independent Basque and Casablanca. state in northern Spain Sand southwestern France. N.Ireland (U.K ;-7-CROATIA REAL IRA Northern Ireland ACTIVITIES Assassination, bombing, robbery MEMBERS 100 to 200 An offshoot that formed after the Irish Republican Army declared a cease fire in 1997, the RIRA has killed dozens in its fight for a united Ireland, free from British rule. ULSTER DEFENCE ASSOCIATION Northern Ireland ACTIVITIES Bombing, narcotics, shootings, intimidation MEMBERS Several hundred Largest of the Protestant paramilitary groups that favor retaining British rule. Though bound by a cease-fire, the group often engages in violence against Catholics. I Nuclear rivals Irdla and Paki over te region of Ir, a'ast point for con IIct tm'en Inlilan troops PALESTINE ISLAMIC JIHAD Israel, West Bank, Gaza Strip ACTIVITIES Suicide attacks MEMBERS Several dozen Led by operatives based in Lebanon and Syria, this radical group aims to replace Israel with a Palestinian Islamic state. AL AQSA MARTYRS' BRIGADES Israel, West Bank, Gaza Strip ACTIVITIES Shootings, suicide attacks MEMBERS Unknown This group, linked to Palestinian leaderYasser Arafat's Fatah movement, arose during a Palestin ian intifada in 2000. KACH AND KAHANE CHAI Israel, West Bank ACTIVITIES Shootings, assaults MEMBERS Several dozen Outlawed since the mas sacre of 29 Muslims at Hebron in 1994, these groups seek to expand Israel by driving Palestin ians from the West Bank and Gaza Strip. HEZBOLLAH Lebanon ACTIVITIES Bombing, hijacking, suicide attacks MEMBERS Several hundred Formed in 1982 after the Israeli invasion of Leba non, this Iran-backed group claimed victory when Israel pulled out in 2000. Its goal: destruc tion of the Jewish state. SASBAT ANSAR Lebanon ACTIVITIES Assassination, bombing MEMBERS About 300 These al Qaeda-linked extremists attack both domestic and inter national targets within Lebanon. KURDISTAN WORKERS' PARTY (PKK) Turkey ACTIVITIES Assassination, bombing MEMBERS More than 5,000 Also known as Kongra-Gel, this separatist group oper ates from northern Iraq and targetsTurkish security forces and civilians in its fight for an independent Kurdish state. LASHKAR E-TAIBA Pakistan ACTIVITIES Massacres, bombing MEMBERS Several hundred With training camps in Afghanistan, LET specializes in daredevil missions with devastating results, directed mainly against Indian troops and civilians in Kashmir. * LASHKAR-E JHANGVI Pakistan ACTIVITIES Massacres, bombing MEMBERS Fewerthan a hundred Asmall but brutally effective Sunni group, LEJhas attacked Shiite mosques and foreigners in a bid to destabilize Pakistan. Also linked to the 2002 murder of journalist Daniel Pearl. I ABU SAYYAF Philippines ACTIVITIES Kidnapping, Recent acts of terrorism have bombing, piracy claimed hundreds of lives MEMBERS 300 to 500 S.. in Indonesia, prime target High-profle kidnappings . forndigenous groups like of foreigners for ransom Jemah Islamlyah that are keep this up well financed- ogh the now affiliated with al Qaeda. profit mo may be In the Philippines, Muslim cloudin Sayyaf's and Marxist rebels are an foundi vision of an Islami state in the ongolingthreat to stability- str Philippines. * ISLAMIC , CHECHEN MOVEMENT OF ') SEPARAT UZBEKISTAN Russia Ceitrl ACTIVE A ES Bo ngkidnapping, Bombing, kidnapping -'fr MEMBERSEMBERS More than 1,000 Several thousand This homegrown Islamist Seeking independence coalition seeks to from Russia, rebels have replace Uzbekistan's killed Moscow-backed secular regime an Chechen officials, includ advance the re ing Chechnya's president, goals of a . and killed and kidnapped Russian civilians. * JAISH-E MOHAMMED Pakistan ACTIVITIES Massacres, bombing MEMBERS Several hundred This Islamist group is blamed for the bombing of an Indian state legis lature in Kashmir that killed 38. Now split into two factions, this group, like others, fights to make predominantly Muslim Kashmir part of Pakistan. I * MORO ISLAMIC LIBERATION FRONT Philippines ACTIVITIES Bombing MEMBERS Around 12,000 Though it officially disa vows terrorism, this insur gent group is linked to attacks on Philippine cit ies through its support for Jemaah Islamiyah. Now in peace talks with the gov ernment, the MILF aims for ethnic autonomy. LIBERATION TIGERS OF TAMIL EELAM Sri Lanka ACTIVITIES Assassination, bombing MEMBERS 10,000 to 15,000 Favoring suicide attacks, members seek an independentTamil state in Sri Lanka. A precarious cease fire is now in place. 1 JEMAAH ISLAMIYAH Southeast Asia ACTIVITIES Bombing MEMBERS Unknown Responsible for a series of deadly bombings across Southeast Asia -including the Bali night club attacks in 2002 al Qaeda's local partner seeks an Islamic superstate spanning the region. Countries where al Qaeda cells are known to be operating Countries where al Qaeda cells may be operating * Group affiliated with al Qaeda NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAPS I r I WHERE THEY ARE This map shows a sample of the many groups that use terror to achieve their goals, attracting an array of nationalists, political ideologues, and religious zealots. Some groups are multifaceted, incorporating politics and social programs along with violence; others are purely brutal. Today one type of group-related to a movement called Islamism-has earned an especially high profile for its drive to impose theocracy on Muslim lands and excise "impure" Western influences. According to the CIA, the deadliest of these groups-al Qaeda-operates in 68 countries worldwide.