National Geographic : 2005 Feb
Who Were the Phoenicians? Your beautiful article about Phoenician identity piqued my interest in the culture of the ancient Mediterranean. It's excit ing to know that modern genetic research has a place in investigat ing the distant past. Great work! VALERIA TSYGANKOVA Wyncote, Pennsylvania Isn't it amazing that the work of Wells and Zalloua is helping heal the rifts between Christian and Muslim Phoenician descen dants and could eventually help unite Jews with them too? What a wonderful thing geography, science, and history can accom plish in the hands of men and women of integrity. CAROLYN CHEUNG Brighton, East Sussex After reading the insightful article about the Phoenicians, I couldn't FOR MORE INFORMATION To get NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC please call 1-800-NGS-LINE (1-800-647-5463). Hearing-impaired TDD users may call 1-800-548-9797. The magazine's website: nationalgeo graphic.com/magazine For an online index of all National Geographic publications, go to: nationalgeographic.com/publications help but think about our three internationally adopted children from China, Russia, and Kazakh stan. Their birth certificates state Han, Tartar, and Kazakh, yet we have no other information on the birth parents. It's fascinating to think that they may all be related to, for example, Genghis Khan. It would be wonderful for our children to explore the pos sibilities of DNA to answer some of these questions. PAULA AND RICK MAYER Mequon, Wisconsin You stated that genetic analysis has traced all modern males back to one common male ancestor, nicknamed Adam. It seems like I've read that somewhere before. Oh yeah, the Bible. TRICIA TOTH Pasadena, California Louisiana's Wetlands As a native of Houma, Louisiana, I grew up fishing with my family in and around the barrier islands off the Louisiana coast. To para phrase Tab Benoit, a very wise Houma native, activist, and musi cian, "The only way to save the wetlands is to bring Americans, as a whole, to a realization of how precious the south Louisi ana coastline is to our beautiful NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC * FEBRUARY 2005 NAI Forum October 2004 Typically, one story in each issue becomes a focal point for reader responses. This month it wasn't a single story but the photographsthroughoutthe issue that promptedyou to write. Many compli mented the images of Hawaiianvolcanoes and arcticfoxes. Othersfocused on the tintypes in "ZipUSA: Elko, Nevada." Had we mistakenly reversed the images? For the answer, see the box on the following page. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY "Forthe increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge." The National Geographic Society is chartered in Washington, D.C ., as a nonprofit scientific and educational organization. Since 1888 the Society has supported more than 7,500 explorations and research projects, adding to knowledge of earth, sea, and sky. JOHN M. FAHEY, JR., Presidentand CEO Executive Vice Presidents TERRENCE B. ADAMSON LINDA BERKELEY, President,Enterprises TERRY D. GARCIA, Mission Programs JOHN Q. GRIFFIN, President,Magazine Group NINA D. HOFFMAN, President,Books and School PublishingGroup CHRISTOPHER A. LIEDEL, CFO BOARD OF TRUSTEES GILBERT M. GROSVENOR, Chairman REG MURPHY, Vice Chairman JOAN ABRAHAMSON, WILLIAM L. ALLEN, MICHAEL R. BONSIGNORE, MARTHA E. CHURCH, MICHAEL COLLINS, ROGER A. ENRICO, JOHN M. FAHEY, JR., DANIEL S. GOLDIN, JOHN JAY ISELIN, JAMES C. KAUTZ, J. WILLARD MARRIOTT, JR., FLORETTA DUKES McKENZIE, GEORGE MUINOZ, PATRICK E NOONAN, NATHANIEL P.REED, WILLIAM K. REILLY, ROZANNE L. RIDGWAY, JAMES R. SASSER, B. FRANCIS SAUL II, GERD SCHULTE-HILLEN TRUSTEES EMERITUS Joe L. Allbritton,Thomas E. Bolger,Frank Borman, Lewis M. Branscomb, Robert L. Breeden, Lloyd H. Elliott, George M. Elsey, Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson, Robert C. Seamans, Jr., Frederick G. Vosburgh COUNCIL OF ADVISORS RogerA. Enrico, Chairman; Michael R. Bonsignore,Howard G. Buffett, CraigD. Campbell,Jean N. Case, JulietC. Folger, Robert B. Haas, Robert A. Hefner III,David H. Koch, Bruce L. Ludwig,Sally EngelhardPingree, W. Russell Ramsey, Catherine B. Reynolds, Edward P. Roski, Jr., B. FrancisSaul II, Michelle Sofisti, Ted Waitt, Garry A. Weber, Tracy R. Wolstencroft RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION COMMITTEE Peter H. Raven, Chairman; John M. Francis, Vice Chairman; William L. Allen, Martha E. Church, Steven M. Colman, Scott V. Edwards, William L. Graf, Nancy Knowlton, Dan M. Martin, Scott E. Miller, Jan Nijman, Stuart L. Pimm, Elsa M. Redmond, Bruce D. Smith, Hans-Dieter Sues, Patricia C. Wright, Melinda A. Zeder EXPLORERS-IN -RESIDENCE Robert Ballard, Wade Davis, Sylvia Earle, Zahi Hawass, Louise Leakey, Meave Leakey, Johan Reinhard. Paul Sereno Conservation Fellow: J. Michael Fay CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHERS-IN RESIDENCE Sam Abell, Annie Griffiths Belt, David Doubilet, Karen Kasmauski, Emory Kristof, Frans Lanting MISSION PROGRAMS Vice Presidents: Barbara A. Chow, Education Foundation; John M. Francis, Research, Conservation, and Exploration; Jacqueline M. Hollister, Development; Sarah Laskin, Public Programs. Exhibits: Susan S. Norton. Expeditions Council: Rebecca Martin. Geography Bee: Mary Lee Elden. Lectures: P. Andrew van Duym, Gregory A. McGruder School Publishing: Ericka Markman, Sr. Vice President. International: Robert W. Hernandez, Sr. Vice President. Human Resources: Thomas A. Sabl6, Sr. Vice President. Communications: Betty Hudson, Sr. Vice President. Treasurer: H. Gregory Platts, Sr. Vice President NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC VENTURES DENNIS R. PATRICK, Presidentand CEO Television: Timothy T. Kelly, President. National Geographic Channel: David Haslingden, President, International; Laureen Ong, President, U.S . nationalgeographlc.com: Chris McAndrews, Senior Vice President and General Manager National Geographic Maps: Frances A. Marshall, President; Allen Carroll, Chief Cartographer Contributions to the National Geographic Society are tax deductible under Section 501(cl(3 of the U.S . tax code. Copyright © 2005 National Geographic Society. All rights reserved. National Geographic and Yellow Border: Registered Trademarks ® Marcas Registradas. National Geographic assumes no responsibility for unsolicited materials. Printed in U.S.A.