National Geographic : 2005 Apr
FROM OUR ARCHIVES Flashback CIVIL WAR BATTLEFIELDS Powder Buffs In the 1860s the U.S. Civil War depleted the American male labor force at the same time it in creased the need for weapons. So girls and women began staffing munitions factories in both the North and South. They wouldn't be the first, or the last, females to take advantage of a wartime job boom. During World War I, in just one factory in France, 4,000 women were "employed 24 hours of each day grinding and filling high-explosive shells," noted an article in the April 1917 GEOGRAPHIC, where this image of French workers ran. "This war," another photo's caption claimed, "has given women their opportunity." -Margaret G. Zackowitz WEBSITE EXCLUSIVE You can access the Flash back photo archives and send electronic greeting cards at nationalgeographic .com/magazine/0504. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (ISSN0027-9358)ISPUBLISHED MONTHLY BYTHENATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY. 114517THSTNW,WASHINGTON, DC20036-4688.$34.00AYEARFORU.S .DELIVERY, $6.00 PERSINGLECOPY(INCLUDES POSTAGE ANDHANDLING). INCANADA, AGREEMENT NUMBER 40063649,RETURN UNDELIVERABLE CANADIAN ADDRESSES TONATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, POBOX4412STN.ATORONTO, ONTARIO M5W3W2.UNITEDKINGDOM NEWSSTAND COVERPRICE£3.60 . PERIODICALS POSTAGE PAIDATWASHINGTON, DC,ANDATADDITIONAL MAILINGOFFICES. POSTMASTER: SENDADDRESS CHANGES TONATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, POBOX63002,TAMPA, FL33663-3002.MEMBERS: IFTHE POSTAL SERVICE ALERTS USTHATYOUR MAGAZINE ISUNDEUVERABLE WEHAVENOFURTHER OBUGATION UNLESS WERECEIVE A CORRECTED ADDRESS WITHIN TWOYEARS.