National Geographic : 2005 Apr
READ ABOUT IT, THEN... Do ItYourself CIVIL WAR BATTLEFIELDS (SEE PAGE 62) SAMABELL(TOP);NGMAPS;C. HARRISONCONROYCO.(BELOW) TRY IT AT HOME women) of African Were Your Ancestors Soldiers? descent who served Ever wonder whether a family member wore the blue or gray? The National Park Service's Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System database lists more than four million Union and two million Confederate soldiers' records at www.itd.nps .gov/cwss. The sailors' database is still in the works but already includes some 18,000 men (and a dozen In the u.S. Navy. Individual records for many Union and some Confederate soldiers are at the National Archives. Go to archives.gov/ research_room/ vetrecs. Z, PICKS 3arts of war Artwork helped inform during the Civil War-and commemorate the brave when it was over. * Photography from the era is most often associated with Mathew Brady and Alexander Gardner, but they also supervised other photog raphers traveling with Union troops. Work they processed in wagon darkrooms (much of it credited to Brady) is today owned by the Library of Congress. More than 7,000 images are online at Icweb2.loc.gov/pp. * Drawings by reporter artists such as Winslow Homer-who covered Petersburg for Harper's Weekly-offered glimpses of the front. Learn more in Julian Grossman's Civil War Battlefields and Campgroundsin the Art of Winslow Homer (Abra dale/Abrams, 1991). * Stained glass windows (below) by Louis Comfort Tiffany at Petersburg's Old Blandford Church honor war dead from each state of the Confederacy. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC * APRIL 2005 WEBSITE EXCLUSIVE Take a virtual Civil War battlefield tour with photographer Michael Melford at nationalgeographic.com/magazine/0504.