National Geographic : 2006 Mar
The Great Divide Europe's second largest nation is torn between two worlds: In the industrial east and south of the country, most people speak Russian and favor close ties to Russia; in the agricultural west, most speak Ukrainian. This splittranslates into politics: In the 2004 presidential election, the west voted for Yushchenko, while the east and south voted for his Russia-backed opponent, Viktor Yanukovych. Farming dominates the poor, Factories and mines in five rural west, still struggling to eastern regions create more turn Soviet-era collectives into than a third of the country's productive private farms. ,,gross domestic product. The new Odesa-Brody pipeline is slated to carry Caspian Sea oil to Europe, strengthening Ukraine's ties to the West.