National Geographic : 2007 Nov
LETTERS Just as wealth generates more wealth, poverty produces larger poverty as well. Along side this cycle of development, there is also a vicious cycle of underdevelopment producing more misery and exclusion. This spiral is particularly corro sive when we talk about infec tious diseases. If we think that Africa, with only 13 percent of the world's population, bears a burden of 24 percent of the world's disease and has only 3 percent of worldwide human resources in the health area, we can easily understand that public health in Africa has to be at the top of the world's agenda. Only through joint efforts and coordinating initiatives world wide can we develop a partner ship with Africa capable of contributing to its sustainable development. The responsibil ity is shared, as peace, human rights, and sustainable devel opment are indivisible. The path is clear and there is no time to lose. Sadly, emergen cies cannot wait. JORGE SAMPAIO Former President of Portugal UN Special Envoy Lisbon, Portugal I served in the South Pacific in World War II. We had to take our Atabrine daily to keep from contracting malaria. It was a bright yellow pill and tasted awful. The medical officers Corrections, Clarifications July 2007: The Truth About Tongass The photo on pages 104-105 shows Sitka Sound, not Favorite Channel. The map note on page 111 stating that 5.7 million acres of the Alaska Panhandle are protected by federal law is incorrect. Nearly seven mil lion acres are protected. must have made quite an impression on me since I took the drug faithfully and used my mosquito netting when possi ble. I would catch a small lizard before tucking in for the night so if there was an anopheles in with me, the lizard would get it. LARRY PARSONS Tiltonsville, Ohio The Truth About Tongass Tongass is the largest and among the most ecologically rich of our 155 national forests. The U.S . Forest Service has been distressingly slow to adjust its management prac tices. Our national forests are worth far more with their trees uncut and watersheds unroaded than they are as mere tree farms. This disparity in economic value is partic ularly large in the Tongass, but it has been ignored by those responsible for its stewardship. In pushing for unsustainable, taxpayer-subsidized logging in its latest Tongass management plan, the Forest Service disre garded information about the economic value of clean water, salmon habitat, wilderness, and other "products" of a standing forest with intact watersheds, including carbon storage that provides a hedge against climate change. A con servative estimate of these val ues is 1.6 billion dollars a year. That is 50 times the total sales from forest products in all of Alaska. The Tongass should be managed for its greater values-outstanding wilder ness and ecological health that can sustain local commu nities for generations to come. SPENCER PHILLIPS Senior Resource Economist The Wilderness Society West Charleston, Vermont "FORTHE INCREASEAND DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC KNOWLEDGE" The National GeographicSociety is charteredin Washington,D.C., as a nonprofitscientific and educational organization.Since 1888the Society has supported more than 8,000 explorations and research projects,adding to knowledgeof earth, sea, and sky John M. Fahey, Jr., PRESIDENTAND CEO EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENTS Terrence B. Adamson Linda Berkeley, PRESIDENT, ENTERPRISES Terry D. Garcia, MISSIONPROGRAMS John Q. Griffin, PRESIDENT, MAGAZINEGROUP Nina D. Hoffman, PRESIDENT, BOOKSAND SCHOOLPUBLISHING GROUP Betty Hudson, COMMUNICATIONS Christopher A. Liedel, CFO BOARD OF TRUSTEES Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Chairman Reg Murphy, Vice Chairman Joan Abrahamson, Michael R. Bonsignore, Roger A. Enrico, John M. Fahey,Jr., Daniel S. Goldin, John Jay Iselin, James C. Kautz, Maria E. Lagomasino, J. 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Colman, Scott V. Edwards, Philip Gingerich, William L. Graf, Nancy Knowlton, Dan M. Martin, Scott E. Miller, Jan Nijman, Stuart L. Pimm, Elsa M. Redmond, Bruce D. Smith, Patricia C.Wright, Melinda A.Zeder EXPLORERS-IN -RESIDENCE Robert Ballard,Wade Davis,Jared Diamond, Sylvia Earle, J. Michael Fay,Zahi Hawass, Beverly Joubert, Dereck Joubert, Louise Leakey, Meave Leakey, Johan Reinhard, Paul Sereno, SpencerWells MISSION PROGRAMS VICEPRESIDENTS: John M. Francis,Research,Conservation, and Exploration Jacqueline M. Hollister, Development Sarah Laskin, Public Programs Gregory A. McGruder, NG Live and the Museum EXHIBITS:Susan S. Norton EXPEDITIONS COUNCIL:Rebecca Martin GEOGRAPHY BEE:Mary Lee Elden LECTURES:P.Andrew van Duym HUMANRESOURCES: Thomas A. Sabl6, Sr.Vice President INTERNATIONAL: Robert W. Hernandez, Sr. VicePresident TREASURER: H. Gregory Platts, Sr. VicePresident NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC VENTURES Dennis R. Patrick,Chairman Timothy T. Kelly, Presidentand CEO Edward M. 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