National Geographic : 2000 Feb
The Archaic Age was a time of immense vitality. Populations rose, trade flourished, and indepen dent city-states emerged. Called a polls, each had its own laws, customs, and form of government. Many "mother cities," or metropoleis, founded colonies abroad to ease the demand for land and to boost trade. Through colonies Greek culture spread to a wider world. SARDO SARDINIA ADJRIATIC SEA ITALY *Neapolis "Taras GRAECIA iL **-* TYRRlHIiENIAN SEA IONIAN Hiimera .Selinus c SyrarseX l- " Syracuse CLASSICAL GREECE ca 500-323 B.C. I Athens and Delian League SIndependent allies of Athens J Sparta and Peloponnesian League | I Neutral Greek states Present-day political boundaries and names shown in gray Omi 100 0km 100 NATIONALGEOGRAPHICMAPS RELIEFBYJOHNA.BONNER ANDTIBORT6TH ARTBYWILLIAMCOOK - Athenian allies' offensive - Spartan allies' offensive X Major battle, Peloponnesian War X Major battle, Persian wars '"l~j"e~"t s MAGNA TUNISIA i. :''''