National Geographic : 2019 Jul
Less Islamist terrorist activity More 0mi 100 0km 100 Gold Mining areas in Niger Uranium France Germany Italy 51 or more 1 10-50 6-9 2-5 Boko Haram Groups linked to Islamic State or al Qaeda Other Islamist groups Number of terrorist attacks, 2001–2018 Foreign military presence Northbound migrant routes Base, outpost, or other installation Other Major United States United Nations Maiduguri Bourem Ménaka Ansongo Araouane Tessalit Bordj Badji Mokhtar Ngaoundéré Mopti Douentza Ouahigouya Ouagadougou Ghat Kandi I-n-Amguel Gusau Tamanrasset Jos Niamey Mao Birnin Konni Djado Séguédine Madama Arlit Dirkou Ayorou Dosso San Birnin Kebbi Kano Koupéla Nguru N’Djamena AGADEZ Bida Maroua Abuja Bongor Sokoto Taoudenni Gombe Gouré Timbuktu Goundam Bèr Garoua Zinder Tanout Parakou Blitta Iseyin Ilorin Ibadan Kumasi Lagos Lomé Gorom-Gorom Gao Kaduna Osogbo Djanet Nguigmi Yola Ikare Arak Diffa Gamboru Tahoua Aguelhok Kidal Makurdi Potiskum Porto-NovoCotonou Sansanné- Mango Tamale Bobo- Dioulasso Nigerien Air Base 201 Nigerien Air Base 101 Tchibarakaten Ibil Fasso Amzeguer Goofat Arrey Lake Volta Lake Chad ChariBenue Nig erNigerNige r Niger SAHEL SAHARA Ténéré Aïr Massif AhaggarMts . El Djouf October 2017: 4 U.S. soldiers and 5 Nigeriens killed January 2018: 14 Malian soldiers killed December 2016: 12 Burkinabe soldiers killed August 2017: 21 killed in restaurant attack April 2018: 30 civilians killed April 2014: 276 schoolgirls abducted and held hostage May 2014: 315 civilians killed MALI ALGERIA LIBYA CHAD BENIN NIGERIA CAMEROON BURKINA FASO GHANA TOGO CÔTE D’IVOIRE (IVORY COAST) NIGER AFRICA ASIA EUROPE AREA ENLARGED AGADEZ Bamako Niamey Khartoum Tripoli Cairo Mogadishu Addis Ababa ALGERIA MALI MAURITANIA MOROCCO TUNISIA EGYPT LIBYA CHAD CEN. AF. REP. DEM. REP. OF THE CONGO SUDAN SOUTH SUDAN KENYA UGANDA ETHIOPIA ERITREA NIGERIA CAMEROON SOMALIA NIGER PRECARIOUS CROSSROADS The arid expanses of Niger have been a nexus of trade and transit for centuries. Impoverished but relatively stable, the country is surrounded by conflict zones where Islamist terrorist groups have taken root. Western, UN, and regional mili- tary forces all increasingly see Niger as a crucial base for combating extremism in the region. TERROR IN THE SAHEL Thousands of UN and French troops are deployed in Mali to maintain regional stability. Yet groups linked to the Islamic State and al Qaeda regularly attack both military and civilian targets. DANGEROUS MIGRATION Nearly nine of 10 migrants in northern Africa are on the move to seek better economic opportunities. They follow well-worn routes through lands where the governments are weak and terrorist groups are thriving.