National Geographic : 2019 Jun
Tikki Hywood Foundation Kampala Yaoundé Douala Surabaya Shenzhen Hong Kong CHINA UGANDA INDONESIA MALAYSIA GABON CÔTE D’IVOIRE VIETNAM THAILAND LAOS MYANMAR NIGERIA GHANA TANZANIA SIERRA LEONE LIBERIA CONGO INDIA PHILIPPINES NEPAL PAKISTAN TAIWAN MOZAMBIQUE KENYA ZIMBABWE CAMEROON INDIAN OCEAN ATLANTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN PACIFIC OCEAN ASIA AFRICA EUROPE Black-bellied pangolin Giant ground pangolin White-bellied pangolin Temminck’s ground pangolin Indian pangolin Chinese pangolin Sunda pangolin Philippine pangolin CLARE TRAINOR, TAYLOR MAGGIACOMO, AND KAYA BERNE, NGM STAFF. SOURCES: DAN CHALLENDER, IUCN SSC PANGOLIN SPECIALIST GROUP; ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY; IUCN RED LIST; SARAH HEINRICH, UNIVERSITY OF ADELAIDE; SCOTT TRAGESER, CREATIVE CONSERVATION ALLIANCE; KATIE SCHULER, CORAL & OAK STUDIOS Major trade flow China’s questionable sources Pharmaceutical companies in China have been allowed to obtain some 29 tons of pangolin scales each year. Companies reportedly use scales from the same decades-old stockpiles, but the origins of the scales aren’t carefully tracked. Philippine pangolin Manis culionensis This arboreal pangolin is endemic to Palawan and nearby Philippine islands. Hunters sometimes use dogs to track these and other pangolins. Sunda pangolin Manis javanica This ground and tree species is believed to be the most traf- ficked pangolin today. Scales help protect pangolins from bites when they feed on ants. Chinese pangolin Manis pentadactyla The only pangolin that hibernates in winter has been poached so heavily that by the mid-1990s it had come close to extinction in China. Indian pangolin Manis crassicaudata The largest Asian species ranges as far west as Pakistan. As with other pangolins, babies less than six months old ride on their mothers’ backs. Trying to stop a deadly market Law enforcement agencies made 1,500 seizures representing an estimated 700,000 pangolins between 2000 and 2018. Most of the trade, however, goes undetected and unreported. ASIAN SPECIES Conservation status Pangolin seizures Pangolin traffickers Vulnerable Critically endangered Estimated number of confiscated pangolins based on reported seiz- ures of bodies, parts, and scales, 2000-2018 Endangered Main countries involved in trafficking Record breakers: In 2019 Singapore seized a shipment of 14.2 tons of scales—repre- senting an estimated 36,000 pangolins—from Nigeria bound for Vietnam. In 2017 China intercepted a shipment from Africa of 13 tons of scales (about 30,000 pangolins). More than 20,000 500–1,499 Fewer than 500 1,500–4,999 5,000–20,000 Illegal pangolin products are shipped from Asia to the United States.