National Geographic : 2019 Jun
MANHATTAN QUEENS BROOKLYN GREENWICH VILLAGE Stonewall National Monument Stonewall National Monument HELL’S KITCHEN MIDTOWN CENTRAL PARK HudsonRiverHudsonRiverEastRiverEastRiver BOWERY 0mi 1 0km 1 LGBTQ LOCATIONS Year of establishment Before 1950 1950—1979 1980—1999 2000—2018 1890 1920 1950 1980 2000 2018 200 400 AN EVOLVING SCENE Average number of active locations documented per five-year period* *DATA MAY NOT REPRESENT ALL LGBTQ NIGHTLIFE. RILEY D. CHAMPINE, NGM STAFF. SOURCES: JEFF FERZOCO, OUTGOING NYC; GEORGE CHAUNCEY, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY Before 1950 Before World War II consumed cultural life, drag balls were openly attended by thousands, and many cafés and saloons central to “fairy” culture were in vogue. 1950—1979 As oppression of marginalized people and relationships reached a fever pitch after World War II, communities resisted with activism and open expression. 1980—1999 The rise of HIV/AIDS, which deeply affected the community, exacerbated a cultural backlash in the ’80s and possibly led to a dip in nightlife locations. 2000—2018 As the community grows more connected through social media and other technol- ogy, some argue the pressure to meet in LGBTQ-specific venues has lessened. BY RYAN WILLIAMS AND ROSEMARY WARDLEY EXPLORE | ATLAS STONEWALL INN, 1969—When lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people resisted a police raid at this Greenwich Village tavern, they brought a growing liberation movement to light. Today, LGBTQ cultural life in New York City is more visible than ever, and researchers are reconstructing its hidden history. To create a map of nightlife, Jeff Ferzoco of the project OUTgoing NYC scoured libraries and collected personal anecdotes to find where people could meet openly or in secret. PREJUDICE AND PRIDE IN NEW YORK CITY Work in factories brought many lesbians to Brooklyn during World War II. By the mid- 2000s, many new venues had opened in Hell’s Kitchen. The Ramble in Central Park was a discreet place to meet for much of the 20th century. Greenwich Village, home of the Stonewall Inn, hosts one of the world’s largest pride parades. Other historic cen- ters of LGBTQ life beyond the borders of this map include Jackson Heights and Harlem. Midtown’s clubs and dance halls helped define the disco era in the 1970s. Global Inspiration In 2016 the Stonewall area was designated a national mon- ument for its historic impact. This June, 50 years after the uprising, revelers from around the world will join New York City’s annual pride events. The number of LGBTQ nightlife venues in New York peaked in the late 1970s, with some 400 known locations. “Fairy resorts” were located in the Bowery, which was popular with bohemians in the late 19th century.