National Geographic : 2019 May
ca 1473 Tobias and the Angel ca 1473-74 Annunciation ca 1475-76 Madonna and Child With a Carnation ca 1476 The Baptism of Christ ca 1476-78 Ginevra de' Benci ca 1480-82 Saint Jerome in the Wilderness ca 1479-1480 Madonna and Child (Benois Madonna) ca 1479-1481 Adoration of the Magi ca 1483-1490 Virgin of the Rocks ca 1485 Portrait of a Musician ca 1490 Portrait of Cecilia Gallerani (Lady With an Ermine) ca 1495-1508 Virgin of the Rocks ca 1496-97 Portrait of a Lady From the Court of Milan ca 1495-98 The Last Supper ca 1498-99 Sala delle Asse* ca 1504-07 Salvator Mundi ca 1501-07 Madonna of the Yarnwinder (Lansdowne Madonna) ca 1501-07 Madonna of the Yarnwinder (Buccleuch Madonna) ca 1508-1517 Virgin and Child With Saint Anne ca 1508-1516 Saint John the Baptist ca 1513-16 Saint John the Baptist** ca 1506 The Battle of Anghiari (copy by Peter Paul Rubens) Sandro Botticelli Detail of Birth of Venus, Botticelli, 1484–86 (below) Leonardo da Vinci Sandro Botticelli In a few cases, legal disputes and popular demand may have led Leonardo to create multiple versions of the same work. TOTAL PAINTINGS 24 ca 1506-08 Leda and the Swan (copy by Cesare da Sesto) ca 1503-1516 Mona Lisa Leonardo da Vinci Contribution to work by Andrea del Verrocchio 2 With assistance 5 6 2 4 Lost Extent of Leonardo's contributions disputed Unfinished A B A B 7.2 ft 14.5 ft 15 ft Ideal vantage point (A) (B) *THE IMAGE SHOWS A SMALL SELECTION OF THE MURALS PAINTED BY LEONARDO AND ASSISTANTS IN A SUITE OF ROOMS IN SFORZESCO CASTLE. **THE ATTRIBUTES OF BACCHUS (AN IVY WREATH AND A STAFF, OR THYRSUS) WERE ADDED DURING THE 17TH CENTURY BY AN UNKNOWN ARTIST. Fooling the eye Leonardo started from an ideal vantage point, then used optical illusions to make other viewpoints seem equally ideal. The result was a mural that looked as if it were a natural part of the room. (A) Leonardo crafted the perspective to draw the eyes to a single vanishing point, in this case directly on Jesus, to highlight the most important ele- ment in the composition. (B) By playing with the vantage point, Leonardo made it possible for a viewer on the ground to see the table from above.