National Geographic : 2019 Apr
0mi 10 0km 10 Tokyo Prefecture Perimeter of historic 23 wards Greater metropolitan area Tokyo boundaries Commuter and regional connections Population density in built-up area Subway Railroad Featured neighborhood New York City 28,450 23 wards 38,500 People per square mile Lower Higher TokyoBay Sagami Bay Suruga Bay PACIFIC OCEAN UragaChannel Lake Kasumigaura Sugamo Asakusa Minamisenju Tsukiji Sendagaya Tone T oneEdoKinuKokaiNaka Ara T amaTamaSagami BOSO PENINSULA IZU PENINSULA Cape Inubo Cape Nojima Oshima Mount Fuji 12,388 ft 3,776 m Miura Peninsula Highest point in Japan Kawasaki Yokohama Chigasaki Odawara Fuji Numazu Mishima Shimoda Izu Fujisawa Atsugi Sagamihara Fujiyoshida Kamakura Kisarazu Tateyama Isumi Mobara Choshi Chiba Funabashi Ichikawa Kamagaya Sakura Soka Koshigaya Kawaguchi Kashiwa Toride Noda Kasukabe Tsukuba Hokota Ishioka Kasama Mito Hitachinaka Chikusei Oyama Tochigi Koga Kazo Kuki Sano Ashikaga Isesaki Fukaya Kumagaya Ota Konosu Ageo Saitama Niiza Tokorozawa Kiryu Yokosuka NARITA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT TOKYO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (HANEDA) 23 wards 9.2 million people 240 square miles Greater metropolitan area 37.5 million people Nearly 5,200 square miles Tokyo Prefecture 13.4 million people Nearly 850 square miles TOKYO MATTHEW W. CHWASTYK, NGM STAFF. SOURCES: TOKYO METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT; E-STAT, NATIONAL STATISTICS CENTER, JAPAN; UN WORLD URBANIZATION PROSPECTS 2018; ATLAS OF URBAN EXPANSION, NEW YORK UNIVERSITY; LANDSAT 8, NASA AND USGS; NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF JAPAN; ROAD AND RAILROAD DATA ©OPENSTREETMAP CONTRIBUTORS, AVAILABLE UNDER OPEN DATABASE LICENSE: OPENSTREETMAP.ORG/COPYRIGHT COMMUTING EN MASSE Some 3,000 miles of rail lines in the metro area transport commuters. The subway systems carry 10 million each day. A HISTORY OF DISASTER AND RECOVERY PACIFIC OCEAN ASIA JAPAN MAP AREA Tokyo Tokyo Bay Edo Built-up area 1889 Population 1.69 million 23 wards boundary TokyoBay Areas destroyed by bombing and fires 1954: 8 million TokyoBay Devastated area 1929: 5.41 million Devastated areas SAME SCALE AS MAIN MAP; PRESENT-DAY COASTLINES SHOWN WARTIME DAMAGE AND RECONSTRUCTION U.S. bombing raids in WWII lay waste to many of the area’s wooden buildings. Tokyo rebuilds, and urbanization pushes southward. TOKYO BECOMES AN INCORPORATED CITY Tokyo is formally created in 1889 with 15 wards centered on what was once a small fishing village called Edo, meaning estuary. GREAT KANTO EARTHQUAKE A 1923 quake destroys some 300,000 structures and kills more than 100,000 people. Development spreads in the plains to the west.