National Geographic : 2019 Apr
PROTECT E DCO AST ALAREASPROTECT E DCOAS TAL AREAS URBAN HUB 2 URBAN HUB 3 URBAN HUB 4 URBAN HUB 5 URBAN HUB 6 URBAN HUB 7 URBAN HUB 1 PROTECTED WILDERNESS AREA PROTECTED WILDERNESS AREA PROTECTED WILDERNESS AREA URBAN HUB 1 URBAN HUB 2 URBAN HUB 3 URBAN HUB 4 URBAN HUB 5 URBAN HUB 6 URBAN HUB 7 HIGH-SPEEDRAIL Major rail station Local rail station Local transit TERRITORIALWATERS CITY WILDERNESS PARKS Urban area Dense urban center Airport Protected watersheds AGRICULTURAL AREA PROTECT E DCO AST ALAREASPROTECT E DCOAS TAL AREASCONSERVATIONAREAMARINEF erries DESIGNING TO SCALE RESILIENT REGIONS Future cities are composed of a series of urban hubs: dense developments connected by high-speed rail. The regional ecology dictates where and how hubs grow; city cen- ters move inland, away from rising seas. BIOMORPHIC URBANISM From regions to rooms, SOM’s designs flow from one idea: develop- ment and infrastructure complement and are shaped by ecology—letting nature regenerate and support rap- idly growing urban populations. Half wild In line with biologist E.O. Wilson’s Half-Earth Project, 50 percent of the ecosystem and its waters are protected. Sustainable fishing Marine ecological areas next to cities are protected and regulated, fostering sustain- able fish habitats. Protected islands Development is banned on protected islands to keep marine habitats viable and prevent coastal erosion. Gone local Sustainable agriculture is developed close to city hubs to limit transport. Outdoor recreation Wilderness parks within the cities provide wildlife habitat, clean air, and opportunities for sports and recreation. Coastal protection To protect against sea- level rise and flooding, development is barred in coastal areas. Connected employment Compact city centers con- nected by high-speed rail knit together employment hubs and reduce urban sprawl. Resiliency zones Development is limited in flood-prone areas; only per- meable surfaces and structures that collect water are allowed. “Daylighting” the waters Estuaries and hydrological systems once paved over are reopened to the air, reverting to natural riparian habitats. Transit equity Affordable and widely avail- able public transit systems give people easy access to regional workplaces. Scaled transit The region is connected by local rail, bus lines, and high-speed trains capable of reaching 600 miles an hour. The economy of the future city must work in tan- dem with policies that ECONOMY safeguard ecological sustainability. People adapt to more flexible working hours as arti- ficial intelligence and automation become more widespread. The city of the future is designed for acces- sibility and safety as On-demand delivery Smart refrigerators and pantries are automated to order food and other supplies for the home. Recycling and reuse Used items—those that aren’t already biodegradable—are more easily reused or recycled in dense communities. Room to breathe With fewer cars outside and more plants inside, air quality is improved and airborne particulates are reduced. Intergenerational housing Small and family-size units, as well as easy access to services and transit, welcome a range of ages in one building. A future city for all Future cities are fully accessi- ble to the disabled, giving all residents unfettered access to goods and services. Shared spaces and amenities increase human interaction and allow for smaller and micro-size homes. Community-wide activities aim to foster a sense of belonging and social equality. DESIGNING TO SCALE SOCIAL INTERIORS LIVABILITY more people populate urban areas. Residents have healthier lives with more streamlined access to nature, ser- vices, and automated technology. Buildings are con- structed more efficiently and include technology that can INFRASTRUCTURE improve the quality of natural resources such as water, soil, and air. Infrastructure is designed for pedes- trian access with lim- ited roads for cars.