National Geographic : 2018 Dec
REFININGREFININGCRUSHING INTERESTE RIFICATIONDISTILLATIONDISTILLATIONDISTILLATIONDISTILLAT ION DIST ILLATION GLY CEROLYSISINTERESTERIFICATIONINTERESTERIFICATIONFRACTIONATIONFRACTIONAT I O N FRACTIONATIONFRACTIONATIONFRACTIONATIONMIL LI NG RBD palm oil Bakery fats, food-service frying oils Palm fatty acid distillates Animal feed, detergents RBD palm-kernel olein Nondairy creamers, margarine Glycerol Emulsifiers, humectants, explosives RBD palm-kernel stearin Confectionery fats, cookie cream, ice cream, chocolate coatings Fatty acids Alcohols, amines, amides Palm-kernel meal Animal feed RBD palm-kernel oil Confectioneries, ice cream, soap, cookie cream, margarine Palm-kernel fatty acid distillates Animal feed, detergents Oleochemicals Detergents, cosmetics, biofuel RBD palm stearin Pastry fats, margarines, soap, ghee substitute IE palm stearin Pizza dough and other flaky fats Fatty acids Infant formula Mid stearin Margarine Double stearin Dry soup and cake mixes Palm mid fraction Confectionery fillings, frying oil Super olein Industrial frying oils IE palm olein Confectioneries, cookie filling IE palm Dry mixes Fruit residue Biofuel Tocotrienols Nutritional supplements Tocotrienols Nutritional supplements RBD* palm olein Snack foods, cooking oils Emulsifiers Margarine, low-fat spreads, cookies, cakes, ice cream, bread Red palm oil Crude palm oil Fresh fruit bunch Palm kernel Crude palm- kernel oil Flesh (mesocarp) Kernel The palm fruit The African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is native to Africa but has been introduced all over the world. The tree is an oil-producing machine with some 20 fruit bunches, found at the top of its trunk, each containing up to 3,000 palm fruits. TREE OF PLENTY The abundant oil from the fruit of oil palms can be found under different ingredient names in everything from cookies to soap to lipstick. A natural alternative to trans fats, it has many other advantages: It’s cheap to produce, stable in processing, and slow to smoke—plus it has a long shelf life. JASON TREAT AND RYAN T. WILLIAMS, NGM STAFF ART: GABY D’ALESSANDRO SOURCE: MALAYSIAN PALM OIL BOARD * RBD refers to refined, bleached, and deodorized oil.