National Geographic : 2018 Apr
Black Hispanic White Asian Asian Asian Asian Asian Asian Asian Black Hispanic White Black Hispanic White Black White Hispanic Black White Hispanic Black White Hispanic Black White Hispanic Black White Hispanic Black White Hispanic Black White Hispanic Black White Hispanic Asian Asian Asian Asian 11 5 5 4 38 32 12 12 75 78 88 90 35 37 42 63 8 6 4 4 24 24 28 31 11 16 6 8 13 12 7 8 42 46 72 55 50 34 57 48 75 82 79 87 Infant deaths per thousand live births, 2014 Share of children under age 18 living in poverty, 2014 Graduation rate for public high school students, 2014-15 school year Rate of 18- to 24-year-olds enrolled in college, 2015 Unemployment rate, annual average, 2016 Median hourly wage in dollars, workers with a higher education, 2015 Uninsured rate, 2016 Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in adults, 2013-15 Homeownership rate, 2016 Share with private employer- sponsored coverage, 2014 Life expectancy at birth in years, 2015 RISKY INFANCY CHALLENGING CHILDHOOD GRADUATION GAP DEGREES FOR SOME UNEVEN EMPLOYMENT EARNINGS GAP LIVING WITHOUT INSURANCE HEALTH STRUGGLES RENTING VS. OWNING UNEQUAL RETIREMENT DISPARATE LIFE SPANS LIFETIME OF INEQUALITY FINANCES EDUCATION HEALTH CARE The child poverty rate for blacks and Hispanics is more than double the rate for whites and Asians. Higher unemployment rates and lower earnings contribute to the gap. Hispanics and blacks are less likely than Asians and whites to graduate from high school and attend college. Asians significantly outpace all other groups in college enrollment. Blacks have higher infant mortality and lower life expectancy than the other groups. Yet compared with Hispanics, who have similar diabetes rates, blacks have more health insurance coverage. Race and ethnicity can shape a person’s life from beginning to end. In the U.S., disparities in health, wealth, and access to education among the four major demo- graphic groups—Asian, white, Hispanic, and black—persist and can be com- pounded over time. For example, blacks and Hispanics earn less than whites and Asians. Low wages often make it harder to finance a child’s education. For people without a college degree, upward mobil- ity can be particularly difficult to achieve. FIGURES ARE PERCENTAGES UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED. MONICA SERRANO, NGM STAFF; KELSEY NOWAKOWSKI SOURCES: NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS; NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS; U.S . BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS; U.S. CENSUS BUREAU; NATIONAL CENTER FOR CHRONIC DISEASE PREVENTION AND HEALTH PROMOTION; PEW RESEARCH CENTER; AARP; U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Race categories (white, black, and Asian) exclude people of Hispanic ethnicity. The Hispanic category includes Hispanics of all races.