National Geographic : 2018 Feb
Feeding china 89 residents and nearly sextupled among rural ones. And China now buys far more processed foods, increasing about two-thirds from 2008 to 2016. Because China’s agricultural resources are so modest, supplying this new diet means heading abroad, leading the government to encourage— and help—Chinese companies to acquire farm- land and food companies in places like the United States, Ukraine, Tanzania, and Chile. But China has long prized self-sufficiency in staple grains, as an ideology and a response to political isolation, and this has implications for fields at home too. In 2013 President Xi Jinping, discussing food pol- icy with rural officials, told them, “Our rice bowl should be mainly loaded with Chinese food.” This raises a tricky question: If the Chinese are going to feed themselves and eat more like Americans, what does that mean for the way they farm? the mismatch betWeen agricultural supply and demand in China can seem insurmount- able. There are 334 million acres of arable land, of which roughly 37 million are polluted or set aside for restoration. There are 1.4 billion peo- ple to feed, but the giant farms that fuel Western diets are nearly impossible to replicate here. That is partly because much of China’s terrain is mountains or desert but also because the Using superheated woks, students at Shandong Lanxiang Senior Technical School are learning how to stir-fry. The school’s 5,500 future chefs are taught to prepare foods in the traditional way as well as for the changing Chinese palate.