National Geographic : 2017 Oct
| EXPLORE | ANIMALS binomial nomenclature system—still in use—identifies each distinct organ- ism using a two-part name: its genus, or group, name, followed by its specific, or species, name. Think Homo sapiens. Today animal species’ names follow guidelines set by a governing body called the International Commission on Zoolog- ical Nomenclature. The person who finds a new species is free to name it, and some take inspiration from famous figures. Attaching a celebrity’s name could benefit an at-risk species or habitat by drawing attention to it. Naming can also be simply a science-nerdy form of flat- tery. German arachnologist Peter Jäger says he named his spider H. davidbowie for both purposes. “Of course,” he says of the singer-songwriter, “I’m a big fan.” Of the roughly 18,000 new species dis- covered each year, a few have a certain star quality. In 2008, when an orange- haired, ornately patterned spider was found in Malaysia, it was named Heteropoda davidbowie. In 2010 a whale fossil made a splash when it was dubbed Leviathan melvillei. There’s a rare Aus- tralian horsefly that goes by Scaptia beyonceae and a tree frog from Ecuador called Hyloscirtus princecharlesi. Scientists have been formally nam- ing species since the middle of the 18th century, when Swedish biologist Carl Linnaeus paved the taxonomic way. His CELEBRITY STATUS By Catherine Zuckerman ART: HANOCH PIVEN PHOTO: MARIANNE BROUWER, NATURE IN STOCK SPIDER ODDITY David Bowie called his bandmates the Spiders From Mars—but the real spider called Heteropoda davidbowie (above) hails from Southeast Asia. The scientist who found the orange-haired species named it in 2008 to honor Bowie (who died in 2016) and his orange-haired alter ego, Ziggy Stardust.