National Geographic : 2017 Sep
In remote areas—like this stretch near Ocotillo, California—vehicle deterrents are made of railroad ties. They’re often called Normandy barriers because they look like some of the blockades used during World War II. Border walls that are meant to keep out pedestrians are designed differently—solid or thinly slatted, standing 12 to 16 feet tall. Richard Misrach’s book Border Cantos, a collaboration with composer Guillermo Galindo, was published in 2016 by Aperture.