National Geographic : 2017 Jan
| EXPLORE | THE GENDER ISSUE In classic Disney animated films, a female character receives seven times the praise for her appearance as for her skills and actions. When linguists Carmen Fought of Pitzer College and Karen Eisenhauer of North Carolina State University analyzed the dialogue from 12 Disney movies, they found that in early films 60 percent of compliments to females related to looks and just 9 percent to abilities. Such patterns send children “a message about what it means to be a girl or boy,” Fought says—suggesting to girls that “their value is based on their appearance.” In newer films Disney has flipped the script. The analysis found that in movies such as Brave, girls get more nods for courage and abilities than for beauty. DISNEY GRAPHIC: ÁLVARO VALIÑO, KELSEY NOWAKOWSKI. SOURCES: CARMEN FOUGHT, PITZER COLLEGE; KAREN EISENHAUER, NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY Gallup interviewed more than 148,000 people from 140 countries about their quality of life. 5.4 5.2 Worst possible life Best possible life World average, 2015 Female Male 0 10 72% 70% 48% 58% OF WOMEN OF MEN OF WOMEN OF MEN *THE REMAINING PERCENTAGES TO 100 ARE COMPLIMENTS ON POSSESSIONS, PERSONALITY, AND OTHER ATTRIBUTES. Classic Era These groundbreaking films establish Disney’s mastery in bring- ing fairy tales to the big screen. Employed full or part time World average, 2015 Feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where they live Compliments related to appearance Compliments related to skills Percentage of the total compliments received* by female characters in the film Renaissance After a long hiatus, the company returns to the genre with larger casts and more musical numbers. New Age Disney expands more into computer- generated imagery films, capitalizing on their popularity and production advantages. Snow White Cinderella Sleeping Beauty The Little Mermaid Beauty and the Beast Aladdin Pocahontas Mulan Tangled Brave Frozen The Princess and the Frog 18% 8 28 17 36 42 41 45 56 35 58 44 46 67 18 25 11 27 18 31 83% 36 1959 1989 1991 1992 1995 1998 2009 2010 2012 2013 1937 1950 WHO’S THE FAIREST? By Kelsey Nowakowski Compliments on skills have trended upward, while those based on ap- pearance have decreased.