National Geographic : 2016 Nov
N 210 B.C. 377 ft Current 180 ft 25-33 ft 3,196ft7,175ft0.76mileseastfromouterwall Territory of the Qin dynasty (221-206 B.C.) Xianyang CHINA (Present day) TAIWAN Yellow Xi We i Yangt ze Office for sacrificial offerings Other offices Secondary palaces Main hall Stonework factory Stone armor Acrobat statues Stables and horses Bronze chariots and horses Stables and horses Innerwall Concubines’ burial ground Workers’ burial ground Tomb mound Royal family’s mass grave Terra-cotta army Sacrificial animals Outerwall Location of notable pits Punished Convicts Tools for dressing construction stones were found at this factory site. Iron handcuffs and collars suggest the workers were criminals sentenced to hard labor. Mutilated Skeletons Several of the 90-some tombs in this central location have been opened. All were empty, but body parts lay in the doorways. Are these the executed concu- bines, mysteriously ravaged? The Terra-Cotta Army An estimated 8,000 statues of war- riors were buried in three pits less than a mile from the emperor’s tomb. Many faced east, the most likely direction of an attack. DAISY CHUNG AND ANDREW UMENTUM, NGM STAFF; MANYUN ZOU. SOURCES: ZHANG WEIXING AND XIUZHEN LI, ARCHAEOLOGY DEPARTMENT, EMPEROR QIN SHI HUANG’S MAUSOLEUM SITE MUSEUM; ROBERTO CIARLA, “GIUSEPPE TUCCI” NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ORIENTAL ART The walls of the complex were built by compressing layers of earth.