National Geographic : 2016 Oct
0mi 200 0km 200 <0.5% 1.2% 12.9% <0.5% <0.5% <0.5% <0.5% <0.5% <0.5% 4.2% <0.5% <0.5% <0.5% <0.5% <0.5% <0.5% 0.7% 0.7% 1.5% 2.8% 6.7% 4.6% 6% 1.6% 7% 1% 2.2% <0.5% 3% 29% 13.2% Syria 29% Afghanistan 14.8% Iraq 9.9% Eritrea 3.6% Pakistan 3.7% Other 39% Asylum applications to the EU Non-European country of origin 1,321,600 225,150 2008 2015 2015 0 European Unity, 2015 Refugee Population European Union member Schengen border-free area* (free movement of people between countries) Major Routes to Europe, 2015 Sea Border fence Growing year over year, the refugee population within the European Union and Schengen regions swelled to more than 2.5 million by the end of 2015. Less usage More usage Land 13% All refugees within EU and Schengen countries Country’s portion *Includes Iceland (not shown) The U.K . voted to leave the European Union on June 23, 2016. El Giza Hamburg Aleppo Ar Raqqah Homs Ceuta (SPAIN) Milan Edirne Mosul Istanbul Nuremberg Munich Siracusa Catanzaro Tukrah Beida Nis Agrigento Melilla (SPAIN) Genoa Damascus Ljubljana Cairo Tunis Rome Vilnius Madrid Ankara Belgrade Jerusalem Helsinki Paris Tripoli Lisbon Bratislava Nicosia Sarajevo Amman Tallinn Bern Brussels Prague Dresden Leipzig Skopje London Beirut Berlin Zagreb Bucharest Algiers Riga Sofia Oslo Frankfurt Lyon Naples İzmir Tirana Podgorica Athens Budap est Marseille Cádiz Málaga Almería Cartagena Cagliari Salerno Trapani Reggio di Calabria Calais Kalamata Annaba Tobruk Alexandria Sousse Gabes Zuwarah CopenhagenAlKhums Warsaw BizerteViennaDublinAmsterdam Rotenburg Bebra Stockholm Thessaloniki WEST BANK NORTHERN CYPRUS GAZA STRIP BalearicI sland s Corsica Sardinia Sicily Crete Rhodes Lesbos Chios ANATOLIA SAHARA M editerran ean Sea ATLANTIC OCEAN Black Sea Adriatic Sea Ionian Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Alboran Sea North Sea Caspian Sea AegeanSeaBalticSea English Chan nel Strait ofGibraltar GERMANY POLAND CZECHIA (CZECH REP.) AUSTRIA FRANCE BELGIUM NETHERLANDS UNITED KINGDOM DENMARK LITHUANIA ROMANIA HUNGARY SLOVAKIA BULGARIA GREECE ITALY (ITALY) (FRANCE) SPAIN PORTUGAL CYPRUS IRELAND (ÉIRE) LATVIA SWEDEN ESTONIA MALTA CROA TI A FINLAND MONACO LUXEMBOUR G SLOVENIA SWITZERLAND SAN MARINO BELARUS UKRAINE ANDORRA TURKEY SYRIA IRAQ GEORGIA JORDAN ISRAEL LEBANON MOROCCO ALGERIA TUNISIA LIBYA EGYPT SAUDI ARABIA RUSSIA RUSSIA NORWAY VATICAN CITY BOSN. & HERZG. SERBIA MONTENEGRO ALBANIA KOSOVO MACEDONIA LIECH. MOLDOVA KAZAKHSTAN ARMENIA IRAN A HAVEN IN EUROPE Fleeing war-torn lands in search of safer, better lives, people have been leaving their native countries and entering Europe for decades. These waves of humanity have helped shape the character of modern Europe. The continent’s most recent challenge comes from the unprecedented numbers arriving in 2015 from Syria, Afghan- istan, Iraq, and African countries. Many of these refugees seek asylum, a protection under inter- national law, meaning they cannot be expelled to face the dangers they left behind. OUT OF AFRICA Of the more than 150,000 people arriving on Italy’s shores in 2015, roughly 84 percent originated in Africa. In Spain it was 43 percent. INTENT ON GERMANY Chancellor Angela Merkel’s welcoming statements last year encouraged nearly two-thirds of people escaping from conflict to name Germany as their desired destination, especially those from Syria and Afghanistan.