National Geographic : 2016 Jul
greece, gods, and the Great Beyond 105 AFRICA ASIA EUROPE AREA ENLARGED AREA ENLARGED Sea of Crete Ionian Sea AegeanSea Olympus 9,570 ft 2,917 m PELOPONNESUS PINDUSMTS. ANATOLIA Naxos Aegina Rhodes Dilos Kea Kos Samos Cephalonia Zante Corfu Lesbos Euboea Cythera Milos Ithaca Crete Lemnos Chios Troy Mycenae Miletus Halicarnassus Eleusis Knossos Smyrna Ephesus Sparta Pylos Corinth Delphi Dodona Cape Sounion Samothrace Cave of Zeus (Mount Dikti) Acropolis (Athens) Olympia Phylakopi Karpenisi MACEDONIA THRACE GREECE ALBANIA MACEDONIA BULGARIA TURKEY TURKEY Atlas of Belief The roots of religion in Greece date back thousands of years. Religious sites were devoted to civic cults or local gods, as well as to Greek traditions: festivals, oracles, pilgrimages, and ceremonies. The mystery-cult rituals at Samothrace, for instance, lasted from the sixth century B.C. through the dawn of Christianity. Sacred places also commemorated the legendary dwellings of the gods, such as Olympus. JEROME N. COOKSON, NG STAFF SOURCES: SANDRA BLAKELY, EMORY UNIVERSITY; RICHARD TALBERT, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL 2000 1000 B.C. A.D. 1 300 3000 Olympia Phylakopi Samothrace Cave of Zeus (Mount Dikti) Acropolis (Athens) Active ritual use Notable sanctuary or religious site 0mi 60 0km 60 PRESENT-DAY BOUNDARIES SHOWN SITES IN BROWN ARE MARKED ON THE TIME LINE BELOW.