National Geographic : 2016 Jan
122 national geographic • january 2016 S ometimes you just want to spend a few hours washing your truck. It’s a beautiful day, all of northern Thai- land vibrant in the spring sun, so you drive your new Isuzu into the stream that runs through your vil- lage, Tung Nha Noi. Cows and people walk by as you stand in the water, a 21-year-old guy with a hot ride, sponging it so clean that the vehicle gleams like hope in the sun. Not so long ago the chances that someone like Piyawot Anurakbranpot—“Chin” to his friends—would have a fancy truck at such a young age would have been close to zero. People in remote villages like Tung Nha Noi didn’t have the money. But recently families like Chin’s have become much more prosperous. The reason is visible in the hills behind him. Ten years ago they were covered with dense tropical forest— a profuse tangle of native vegetation. Now most of the slopes have been shaved as clean as a drill instructor’s chin and replanted with a single species: Hevea brasiliensis, the Pará rub- ber tree. Night after night, Chin’s family and tens of thousands of others in Southeast Asia go into plantations and tap their rubber trees, maple-syrup style. Thick white latex drips into buckets. The goo is coagulated into solids that are pressed into sheets and transported to fac- tories, where they are processed into O -rings, By Charles C. Mann Photographs by Richard Barnes CHINA Workers pour raw latex into tanks for process- ing in Xishuangbanna’s Nabanhe National Nature Reserve, an innovative park that tries to protect the forest while allowing its inhabitants to tap rubber.