National Geographic : 2015 Sep
Tracking Ivory 41 0mi 100 0km 100 Mboki Kpaika Dungu Songo Dafaq Obo Ed Daein Kafia Kingi Nagero KAFIA KINGI DARFUR RADOM NATIONAL PARK SOUTHERN N.P. BAMINGUI- BANGORAN N.P. MANOVO- GOUNDA- SAINT FLORIS N.P. ZAKOUMA NATIONAL PARK GARAMBA NATIONAL PARK DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO CAMEROON ETHIOPIA GABON NIGERIA KENYA SOUTH SUDAN NIGER NIGER CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD SUDAN Groups in Sudan: Janjaweed Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) Abu Tira Unidentified armed groups Group in Central African Republic: Seleka Groups in South Sudan: Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) Unidentified armed groups BOUNDARY CLAIMED BY SOUTH SUDAN BOUNDARY CLAIMED BY SUDAN Site of Heban massacre, 2012 Last known tusk location, as of June 2015 Tusks cross into South Sudan Tracking of tusks begins DAY 1 DAY 16 DAYS 21 to 44 DAY 53 DAY 10 DAY 5 SATELLITE EVIDENCE Smugglers held the artificial tusks for three weeks at this camp in Kafia Kingi before moving north. 0ft 50 0m 10 Location of tusk in a truck or tent Tree Tent KAFIA KINGI Controlled by Sudan, this disputed territory is believed to be a safe haven for the LRA. ZAKOUMA NATIONAL PARK Nearly 90 percent of the park’s elephants were poached between 2002 and 2012. Improved security in recent years has prevented further killings. Smugglers’ Trail Ivory contraband is a rich source of financing for terrorist groups like the Lord’s Resistance Army, which has conducted vicious attacks on villages in central Africa. To trace the illicit trade, National Geographic commissioned the creation of artificial tusks with hidden GPS trackers that were planted in the smuggling supply chain. Elephants Elephants Trade Known range Known range Possible range Killings by other groups connected to poaching Lord’s Resistance Army killings LRA leader Joseph Kony, reported locations, March 2006 to May 2015 Track of artificial tusks Killings by armed groups against civilians, December 2008 to June 2015 Sea or air route GPS location 100 fatalities 10 1 Major transit point or area Major domestic market Capital City, town, or village Primary land or air route Secondary route GARAMBA NATIONAL PARK LRA defectors say Kony has ordered poachers into the park with quotas and delivery deadlines. VIRGINIA W. MASON, HEIDI SCHULTZ, AND BRAD SCRIBER, NGM STAFF SOURCES: ARMED CONFLICT LOCATION & EVENT DATA PROJECT; C4ADS; BRYAN CHRISTY; CITES ETIS TRAFFIC; DIGITALGLOBE (SATELLITE IMAGERY); IUCN/SSC AFRICAN ELEPHANT SPECIALIST GROUP (RANGE DATA, 2012); THE RESOLVE LRA CRISIS INITIATIVE AND INVISIBLE CHILDREN; UNEP/GRID-ARENDAL; WORLD DATABASE ON PROTECTED AREAS Kony first enters the DRC with 70 fighters on March 8, 2006.