National Geographic : 2015 Jan
134 national geographic • january 2015 3 1 2 5 6 7 4 8 Modern Native American Paleo-American Paleo-American Male, about 12,000 years old; Horn Shelter, Texas Modern Native American Male, less than 1,000 years old; central Texas Men and women, then and now Skeletal remains suggest that Paleo- American men ate better, grew larger, and lived much longer than women, most of whom died before age 26. Modern Native American men have tended to be smaller than their ancestors, women larger. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Larger, rugged skull Wider-set eyes Shorter, broad upper face Broader nose Longer, narrower skull Inward-angled cheekbones Outward-projecting face Less rounded occipital NGM ART. PHOTOS: JAMES CHATTERS (ABOVE); DAVID COVENTRY (RIGHT). SOURCE: JAMES CHATTERS 134 bones and stones Clues to an ancient mystery Judging from their skulls, Paleo-Americans looked markedly different from modern Native Americans. Why? Archaeologist Jim Chatters theorizes that the first Americans were bold pioneers whose behav- iors and physical traits changed as they became more settled.