National Geographic : 2014 Mar
the refugee exodus 49 TUrKey Workers load precious bags of flour provided by the Turkish red Crescent onto a truck bound for Syria (above). There was an international outpouring of some $850 million in humanitarian aid for Syria last year and another $2 billion to assist refugees and host countries with emergency food, medicine, schooling, and more. Yet the relief effort is sorely underfunded. Aid officials worry that a lack of basic health, educational, psychological, and other services will have devastating implications for Syria as well as the larger Middle East. iraQ At daybreak a family of Syrian kurds sleep in the open air to escape the stifling heat of tents at the kawergosk camp outside Erbil, in northern Iraq (bottom left). These refugees were part of a wave of 60,000 who arrived in August during a month-long opening of two crossings. Because of security concerns, the borders are now tightly regulated again. lebaNON At age 15, raeda lost sight in one eye after being hit by shrapnel during an explosion near her family’s home in Aleppo, Syria. Today she helps her parents by caring for her brother khaled, in a tent they rent on farmland near Saadnayel, lebanon; 11 relatives live in the improvised quarters. Aid workers worry about the “lost generation” of Syrian children who’ve been displaced or forced to flee the country. Many have witnessed or suffered unspeakable horrors. They have limited or no access to education and could be forced into child labor as well as early marriage and other forms of sexual exploitation.