National Geographic : 2014 Jan
story name here 58 56 national geographic • january 2014 56 Paradise bird-wing butterfly (OrnithOptera paradisea), museum of ComParative Zoology, Harvard university; JaPanese maCaque (Macaca fuscata) and unidentified monkey, naturalis biodiversity Center, leiden, netHerlands “Every specimen has a story,” says retired Smithsonian entomologist Gary Hevel. But not all of them end well. Carl von Hagen, the naturalist who collected these paradise bird-wing butterflies (left) in Papua New Guinea around 1900, was captured and eaten by cannibals. Japan was closed to most Western travelers in 1829, when Philipp Franz von Siebold, a visiting German physician and natural history collector, somehow managed to export samples of flora and fauna—including a Japanese macaque (above, at right)—to his fellow Europeans.