National Geographic : 2013 Dec
African Okra Safari Zombie Indian Bungalow Jungle Yoga Austronesian Boondocks Ukulele Australian Aboriginal Boomerang Kangaroo Middle Eastern Afro-Asiatic Bazaar Giraffe Seersucker Central- Eastern Asian Ketchup Tsunami Yogurt North American Persimmon Raccoon Woodchuck Eskimo- Aleut Igloo Kayak Central and South American Guacamole Jaguar Quinoa 12TH CENTURY 606 Occurs first in 13TH CENTURY 4,953 14TH CENTURY 15,270 15TH CENTURY 18,688 PRE-12TH CENTURY 7,492 WORDS Examples Peace Cringe February Mitten Blackbird Creator Earthquake Humanity Wycliffe Bible, ca 1382 Noun Substantial Tetanus University Accomplish Chaucer Knight’s Tale, ca 1405 Dictionary Globe Imaginary Jet-black Lovesick Membrane Promise Royal Tablecloth Believe Friend Beowulf, Old English Laugh Sorrow Blueberry Communicate Dictatorship Easter egg Education Heartbroken Hellenism Maritime Mathematics Mosquito Nomad Overpower Shakespeare Richard II, 1597 Potato Procrastinate Quinoa Reality Redhead Runaway Terrify Timeless Useful Aboriginal Americanize Black sheep Caribbean Civilization Free market Geographic Hand grenade Hotel Ice cream Identify Islam Key chain Ladybug Magnetism Mahogany Mezuzah Moccasin John Smith Map of Virginia, 1612 Naive Nincompoop Orangutan Ostracize Palatable Powwow Prairie Raspberry Schoolteacher Territorial True blue Volcano Womanizer Abolitionist Bigwig Capitalize Dog-eared Electrician Benjamin Franklin letter, 1749 Handyman Homesick Millimeter Neurosis Optimist Pervasive Roommate Terrorism Acronym Brainwash Clone Database Gazillionaire Gorp National Geographic May 1972 Icecapade In-box Lifestyle Moped Multiracial Neurobiology Nitpick Oink Postmodern Racist Recycle Supernova Techno Vegan Yeehaw Abuzz Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities, 1859 Acid rain Bicycle Biosphere Blueprint Cello Dwarf planet Dyslexia Feminist Headphone Immunize Lunchbox Mammal Mascara Mesmerize Mom Narcissism Neonatal Omnivore Pasta Photograph Polarize Purebred Darwin letter, 1839 Quartzite Radicalism Rain check Rhinoplasty Rickshaw Rigor mortis Rubber band Smart aleck Southerner Statehood Subliminal Subway Taxonomy Thingamajig Urbanization Vegetarian Vertebrate Wordsmith World war X-ray 16TH CENTURY 37,047 17TH CENTURY 51,076 18TH CENTURY 24,980 19TH CENTURY 75,029 20TH CENTURY 36,233 AND COUNTING English by the Book The word “magazine” offers a lesson in how the English language evolved. The familiar term likely made its written debut in a 1583 letter from a British merchant traveling through the Middle East: “Neither any other Officer shall meddle with the goods, but that it may be kept in a Magosine.” There it meant “storehouse,” derived from Arabic. The word came to mean a periodical publication—a storehouse of information—in the early 1700s. The roots of “magazine” were uncovered after the Philological Society of London began to catalog the history of words in 1859. It took 71 years to compile the initial ten-volume work, now known as the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). The current version holds more than 600,000 entries, with new words arriving all the time. — A. R. Williams 60 national geographic • DECEMBER 2013 THE NEW AGE OF EXPLORATION | A GRAPHIC LOOK The OED mainly lists words from A.D. 1150 onward but includes earlier words that survived into that period. when wordS enTered The LangUage Reviewing more than ten centuries of literature, experts find the first documented use of each word. where wordS Came From The OED traces the origins of words. Many arrived from other European languages or via global exploration.