National Geographic : 2013 Dec
✂ Cool Tools from moTher NaTure We often get our best ideas by looking out the window. What’s out there in nature represents 3.8 billion years of research and development, according to biomimicry expert Janine Benyus. Ideas that failed in evolutionary product testing are now fossils. What’s left are some highly instructive success stories. This is a quiz about some of the spin-offs that have come from paying attention to life right here on Earth. NEXT | EXplorErs Quiz This quiz is the last of seven to run in 2013 to celebrate National Geographic’s 125th anniversary. eXPlore HaNNaH Tak, NGM STaff. arT: GrafIlu (porTraIT); NGM arT. pHoTo: STockByTE/GETTy IMaGES fINd aNSWErS oN paGE 29. Type 2 diabeTesnow af- fecTs Tens of millions of people. ReseaRcheRs recently devel- oped a treatment that comes from which 2. which animal, fiRsT discoveRed in The Hudson RiveR valley, TuRned The idea of extinction fRom heResy inTo a fact of life? A. The American cheetah B. The giant ground sloth C. The American mastodon D. Megalosaurus 1. biologisT and RoboTics expeRT claire rind designed a collision avoidance sysTem foR caRs by obseRving whaT ani- mal? A. Impala B. Mustang C. Jaguar D. Locust 5. 6. charles darwinspenT yeaRs sTudying which animal gRoup as he developed tHe idea of evolution by naTuRal selecTion? A. Earthworms B. Galápagos iguanas C. Barna- cles D. The peppered moth cuTHErE natural pRoduct?A. The bark of the sycamore tree B. Gila monster spit C.A camel’s gall bladder D. The Venus flytrap from a death senTence inTo a controlla- ble disease was based on pRoducTs fRom which species? A. A marine sponge B. An immune West African mon- key C. The Pacific yew tree D. A cone snail 3. The firsT drug To Turn hiv whaT animal beHavioR is Teaching poweR planTs a way To cuT Their carbon dioxide emissions? A. Tardigrade cryptobiosis B. Grizzly bear hiber- nation C. Albatross long-distance flight D. Coral calcification 4.