National Geographic : 2013 Nov
CHINA PAKISTAN TURKEY ISRAEL LAOS 5W InfOgrAphICs; ALEXAnDEr sTEgMAIEr AnD JOhn TOMAnIO, ngM sTAff sOurCEs: TEMpLE MOunT sIfTIng prOJECT; IsTAnBuL ArChAEOLOgICAL MusEuMs; shAAnXI prOVInCIAL ArChAEOLOgICAL InsTITuTE; nATIOnAL MusEuM Of pAKIsTAn MoHENjo DARo sindh, pakistan stone figurine, 2600-1900 B.C. Salts in the groundwater are causing exposed brick buildings to crumble at the site of this early city from the Indus civilization. It was discovered in 1922 and excavated on and off until 1965. Pakistan’s government has halted further digging. RoyAL MAuSoLEuM Xian, China Bronze swan, 221-210 B.C . China’s first emperor planned a large funerary complex. His tomb and its possible treasures remain unexcavated, awaiting new techniques in artifact conserva- tion. In 1974 his terra-cotta army was discovered, but experts have only recently learned how to preserve the paint on the figures. pLAIN oF jARS Xiangkhoang, Laos stone urn, 500 B.C. -A .D. 500 Unexploded bombs from the 1960s and ’70s, during the civil war, make it risky to examine the hundreds of jar-shaped stones, some ten feet tall, found in northern Laos. A study in the 1930s identified them as funerary urns.