National Geographic : 2012 Oct
PHOTO: COLOR CHINA PHOTO/AP IMAGES. GRAPHIC: SIWEN LI. SOURCE: WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION PASSING THE TEST To combat the more than 60,000 traffic deaths each year, China requires new drivers to pass a tough test. They must score 90 percent or more on an exam drawn from hundreds of possible questions on topics like road judgment, etiquette, and civil law. ---IJ NEXT | CITY SOLUTIONS When a vehicle overturns slowly and jumping out of the vehicle is possible, the driver should jump ________. A. in the driving direction C. in the opposite direction of the overturn B. in the overturning direction D. to the overturning side See more driving-test questions on the iPad. China's Car Crackdown With Chinese cities choking on traffic---the number of cars has more than doubled since 2007---governments are struggling to prevent permanent gridlock. Beijing has chosen the radical solution of holding a lottery for 20,000 license plates each month, with about 900,000 total applicants. That's forcing Beijingers to take countermeasures. Some enroll family members to boost their odds; others buy cars registered in neighboring cities. Shanghai auctions plates to the tune of $10,000 each, while other cities are raising downtown parking fees or building subway lines. "Gridlock should be avoidable," says Shao Chunfu of Beijing Jiaotong University. "But given trends in China's development, I'm afraid it's unavoidable, even in small cities." ---Ian Johnson ANSWER: C In Cangzhou, Chinese police check counterfeit license plates as part of a campaign against illegal vehicles. e r Sample question -76ºF -40ºF North Pole South Pole The South Pole's winter temperature averages 36°F colder than the North Pole's.