National Geographic : 2012 Aug
0mi 50 0km 50 1910 1910* 1899 1907 1904 1904 Missouri Powder Yellowstone Republican Platte South Platte Missouri Cheyenn e White Bighorn Cannonball Heart Little Bigh orn North Platte COLORADO MONTANA WYOMING NEBRASKA MINNESOTA SOUTH DAKOTA NORTH DAKOTA IOWA Omaha Lincoln Billings Cheyenne Bismarck Rapid City Sioux Falls Pierre PINE RIDGE STANDING ROCK CROW CREEK CHEYENNE RIVER ROSEBUD LOWER BRULE CROW INDIAN RESERVATION WIND RIVER I.R. UINTAH AND OURAY I.R. FORT BERTHOLD I.R. WHITE EARTH I.R. OMAHA I.R. NORTHERN CHEYENNE I.R. WINNEBAGO I.R. FORT BELKNAP I.R. LAKE TRAVERSE I.R. (Sioux) YANKTON I.R. (Sioux) SPIRIT LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION (Sioux) SANTEE I.R. (Sioux) LOWER SIOUX I.R. (Sioux) FLANDREAU I.R. (Sioux) UPPER SIOUX I.R. (Sioux) FORT PECK I.R. (Sioux and Assiniboine) BADLANDS NATIONAL PARK MOUNT RUSHMORE NATIONAL MEMORIAL BighornM ts. He Sapa (Black Hills) Devils Tower 5,112 ft 1,558 m 1851 Treaty boundary 1851 Tre aty boundary Hatched areas are additional reservation lands lost to white settlers between 1899 and 1910. Great Plains tribes have various names for Devils Tower. Oglala Sioux call it Mato Tipila, meaning "bear lodge." AREA ENLARGED Land owned by Indians within the reservation as of 2007 Today On Pine Ridge and five other reservations (above), the Sioux own five million acres of their original treaty land. Through the Bureau of Indian Affairs, tribes can arrange leases of reserva- tion land, used mainly for grazing. Some leases go to Indians, others to outsiders. Because of the way land was originally allotted, the Sioux have been left with the least productive tracts. 0mi 10 0km10 NEBRASKA SOUTH DAKOTA BENNETT COUNTY* Cheyenne White Wounded Knee Cr. BADLANDS NATIONAL PARK LACREEK N.W.R. PINE RIDGE INDIAN RESERVATION Porcupine Evergreen Pine Ridge Wounded Knee Whiteclay *SINCE 2003, THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HAS INTERPRETED A 1936 SECRETARIAL ORDER AS HAVING RESTORED BENNETT COUNTY TO THE PINE RIDGE RESERVATION.