National Geographic : 2011 Jun
10,000 9000 7000 8000 Warm, wetter climate Sacred areas Roof access Food storage Communal food storage Communal area 900 people 90 people ASIA AFRICA EUROPE Euphrates Tigris Black Sea Sea Fertile Crescent NORTHERN CYPRUS WEST BANK GAZA STRIP TURKEY CYPRUS SYRIA JORDAN IRAQ SAUDI ARABIA IRAN ISRAEL LEBANON SUMER 9000 B.C. 8000 B.C. 7000 B.C. 6500 B.C. Çatalhöyük (7400-6200) Ain Ghazal (8400-6200) Abu Hureyra I (11,300-9500) Mureybet (10,600-8000) Jerf el Ahmar (9300-8900) Tell Qaramel (10,700-9400) Çayön ¨u (8500-6300) Abu Hureyra II (8000-7000) GÖBEKLI TEPE (9600-8200 B.C.) Beidha (8200-7500) Wadi Hammeh 27 (13,000-11,000) Ain Mallaha (12,000-10,000) Aswad (8500-7300) Hallan Çemi (11,000-9300) Jarmo (7500-6000) Nemrik (9500-7200) Jericho (9600-7500) Nevali Çori (8600-7700) Dhra (9600-9200) Ali Kosh (7500-6000) Animal domestication Wild sheep and goats were the first livestock tamed, about 9000 B.C. Pigs then cattle followed in the next thousand years. Villages of mud-brick huts included community food storage. Evidence of plant domestication is debated, but wild grains were cultivated. Thousands lived in farming villages of linked, multiroom homes. Interior walls displayed ritual symbols such as bull horns and skulls of ancestors. PRE POTTERY NEOLITHIC A PRE POTTERY NEOLITHIC B Grain domestication Present-day grain cultivation is shown; the range of wild grains is thought to have been slightly larger. Nevali Çori had pillars much like Göbekli Tepe's but smaller and of a later date. Jericho's tower, 27 feet tall and 30 feet wide, may have been the site of harvest rituals.