National Geographic : 1953 Apr
Nationalist Marines Storm A hore in a Mock Landing on Formosa These men are proud of their new marine briaade. When an American advi er makes uggestions, they a k if United States Marines do it that way. " Yes," he says. " Okay, then we do it, too, " they reply. ful, .and as brilliant as hinese jade- the tur- quol e ea glinting in the sun, steep green hill , azure bays, white beaches, mountains of lazy clouds, and fleets of junks with high sterns and patched orange sails. These myriad junks make elusive blockade-runners. Hong Kong I found to be bulging and booming. Chinese refu ees have trebled its population from 600 000 in 1945 to more than 2,000 000. They crowd every available pace and live in shanty town on hillsides. hips by the score till anchor in this free port' s magnificent, mountain-ringed harbor (p. 509). Products from all over the free world fill store windows. Refugee money, fleeing hanghai, has built streamlined fac- tories , fostered new industries, raised huge housing developments and skyscrapers. Walking Macau 's narrow , cobbled treets flanked with Old vVorld houses in pastel colors, I imagined myself in a Mediterranean town. Four centuries old , the colony shelters 300,000 on a three-square-mile penin ula. As in Hong Kong, 99 out of every 100 are Chinese. Overshadowed commercially by Hong Kong , the colony has a big fleet of fish- ing junks, makes firecrackers and matches, and dabbles in international intrigue. cattered along the hinese coast are dozens of famed, once-bu y ports. * hanghai , colas us of all China, rears on land built by the muddy Yangtze (page 508). It waxed fat on trade of the Yangtze ba in, where half of hina ' 450,000,000 people live. Reports say the ommunists have deindus- trialized han hai , moving many of its fac- tories north and re ettling more than a fourth of its 5,000 ,000 inhabitants. Opposite Forma a lie Minhow (Foochow) , Amoy , and watow , cities built up by trade with the West in the days of clipper ship (pages 510, 511 ) . Behind the coa t facing Formosa, moun- tain rise 3 000 to 6,000 feet. There roads are poor ; no railway reaches the coastal cities , and traffic takes to the sea in junks. Well inland through most of its length runs Chinas vital north-south trunk railway, link- ing armies as far apart as Korea and Indo- china. Only in 1951 was it extended to China's southern border. *See, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZI E: The Society's 10-color map of the Far East, Septem- ber, 1952; "Along the Yangtze, Main Street of China," March , 1948 , and " Coastal Cities of China," Novem- ber, 1934, both by W. Robert Moore .