National Geographic : 1998 Feb
II100-1100 ou eyear 1000, Our Explorationsr 0oe a s Euopa Spin iMiand I2IN When ten men-and two AIb dogs-set out for Alaska terro tor in June189they weren also on their way to a place in2n0 a Aind ihfirst ofM I 4'4 more than 6,000 expedition vbi cts sposored y the NtionalTHE LOST CITY OF THE INCAS24yrsi professor Hiram Bingham p vrteps cnuy el walked into the ancient Inca city at Machu s13040 11ssaeCR seled the group on a three Picchunperched on a mountain top inaMdet mission to ap andstudy tlie the most inaccessible corner of the most St.Elas o theAlasa-Caada BERTE PEAR R EERT.E PEARYCLLECTIO inaccessible section of the Urubamhba tunyo glaciers of Nlount St~li33 on the Aak-aaal TO~~~~~~~~~~wt 27,500L ier"h roe it oehyebl de. he asobiought back news of a peak these TOneaTHE , NOTrPOe Robert E. Peary of the North Pole in Overrthe nex four ears wit the rbolpp namdMuntLoan, which at 19,551 feet would April 1909. Though doubts dogged his first-there claim, of a Society research grant, Bingham's cut proet bethehihest in Canada. a 1989. Society-funded study found that Peary, Matthew A. crews cleared centuries of growth from Rusel'frs 'prson report on the trip'sacconi Henson, and an Eskimo crew probably got as close as nav- the site, then mapped and photographed W CHn kbefrisdti nhu r, igational gear then allowed-within five miles of the Pole. the ruins. Our entire April 1913 issue was gfnne devoted to the story and to GinghamIs further travels in the Peruvian Andest aeeronathe glare of the snow by Af n 149 blckngtei fcs wsith grease and burnt cork," ,'EXPLORING CHINA AND BEYOND DISCOVERING DINOSAUR NESTSFrm13 hewrte "ri oexperimtent with that method Leader of two Society expeditions to the "it was evident that we had discovered is fsl i unmape Tibetan boadrlands writer one of the chest wrld " o importantA Ch llr Afabdant~ cod8 he expedition rang with practi Man in China;" In the July 1931 issues Chapman Andrews aboveiat iht) in0 ca avie.Ruselrecommended useful camping ;ik. Ot' he described his travels through the our June 1933 issue. His finds in the Gobi mn Suplesan Tad of problems encountered as w', mountains of southwest China. There he desert included the first known nest of ne w thug seain t fellowt explorers who mi ht rI r.camped unfazed by visits from local fossilized dinosaur eggs. Another first: 'Fbandits, having made fast friends with Andrews rejected the region's usual pack Seknth fottps Hude o xlrestergo kingAsltahtbotanist, camels for his five expeditions between Crsoh hvinedfloed - ,nd reported in these pages Rcwa soalnuthsdctoay 1922 and 1930, using instead a caravan msans Rkaralutartn evr ine Tislmoth s Millennium Mloments of Naxi, an ethnic minority language, was' of cars to cross the desolate Mongolian fetue sl ote most mnemorable. r ' published posthumously in 1963. outback.ln1 reors oa ldunQnt Ee ild, Juan a irh Intigo DOWN INTO CARLSBAD CAVERNSPoec Giving an overview of the underground, geologist Willis nI T. Lee reported on the first major scientific study of New Mexico's Carlsbad Caverns in our January 1924 issue.Fr nn amaigaiN of th cSnquistado In 1934, U.S Army officers Albert W. Stevens and William umaa E Kepner escaped from Explorer! when its gasbag ripped adtsgnoapumtdit*NbakconilThird crew member Orvil A. Anderson had already para-Hrano chuted to safety The next year Stevens and Anderson seto Man altitude record of 13s1 miles in Explorer River .sY n A ym JO OC EBRUAR 1 99'