National Geographic : 1961 Sep
t80,000. Joined TURKEY A crescent moon's light, says a legend, saved By zantium in 339 B.C. from attack by Philip of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great. Crescent frames Al Tarek, the Koran's morning star. Area: 301,380 square miles. Population: 27,803,000. Capital: Ankara. U.N. chartermember. [n legend, a Spanish ing drew bloody fin a yellow shield, thus gthe banner. Its colors se of Spain's old king ragon. National arms eagle flanked by the Hercules. Area: 194, e miles. Population: ). Capital: Madrid. N. 1955. UKRAINIAN S.S.R. One of 15 constituent republics of the U.S.S.R., the Ukraine repro duces the Soviet banner in the larger band. Blue symbolizes the rich soil of Russia's chief wheat-growing region. Area: 222,625 square miles. Popula tion: 41,869,000. Capital: Kiyev. U.N. charter member. Ilue represents the , which splits the ellow, the Nubian en, agriculture. Su- ion. Area: 967; iles. Populate Capital:Khartc S1956. ;gend attributes rigin to a revela ng Erik IX knelt re battle during ry crusade to Fin 1yellow cross ra he sun against the a: 173,622 square SU.S.S.R. The Soviet Union adopted the red flag of revolu tion to honor the Communist Party and to imply blood broth erhood. The star represents the authority of the state; its five points, the five continents, ad e mitted goals of Communist 1 expansion. Crossed hammer e and sickle represent the union n of factory and farm. Area: e 8,650,000 square miles. Popu e nation: 214,400,000. Capital: a Moscow. U.N. chartermember. ,905,000. (Lapitat: ed U.N. 1956. UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC Prerevolutionary days are re called by black; red denotes the square miles. Popula '5,41,000. Capitals: 2, Cape Town. U.N. nember. r"