National Geographic : 1961 Sep
ors symbolize democracy, inde pendence, and unity. Area: 116,303 square miles. Popula tion: 49,368,000. Capital: Rome. Joined U.N. 1955. shamrock, includes green in its tricolor. Orange refers to North ern Ireland, part of the Unit ed Kingdom. White symbolizes peace and understanding be tween the two countries. The design dates from Ireland's 19th-century independence movement. Area: 27,136 square miles. Population: 2,834,000. Capital: Dublin. Joined U.N. 1955. ISRAEL's banner evokes the land's religious traditions. Adapted in 1948 from the Zion ist flag, the blue and white pat tern uses colors traditional in the Jewish prayer shawl. The six-pointed center design, called the Star of David, actually represents a shield symbolic of the protection implicit in a na tional flag. Area: 7,992 square miles. Population: 2,150,000. Capital: Jerusalem. Joined U.N. 1949. ITALY When Napoleon in vaded Italy in 1796, his soldiers carried a green, white, and red tricolor which he reputedly designed. A variation of the French revolutionary flag, it flew over the Italian boot dur ing the Napoleonic period. The country later adopted it. Col 340 Green is sacred to Mohammed. The star stands for unity among Arab states. Red honors the reigning king, Hussein. Area: 37,300 square miles. Popula tion: 1,658,000. Capital: 'Am man. Joined U.N. 1955. IVORY COAST ' of the Ivory Coasi graphical divers stands for the sa' north; green, the belt. White repres tween them. A square miles. 3,103,000. Capit Joined U.N. 1960. sent B uddlusm's live commana ments against murder, theft, falsehood, adultery, and abuse of drink. Area: 91,428 square miles. Population: 1,760,000. Capital: Vientiane. Joined U.N. 1955. JAPAN According to legend, the sun goddess was an ances tor of the imperial family, and stands on the flag as it has stood on Lebanese soil since be fore the time of King Solomon. Area: 4,015 square miles. Pop ulation: 1,555,000. Capital: Beirut. U.N. charter member. ME JORDAN The desert king dom adopted traditional Arab colors: White and black survive from early Arabian caliphs.