National Geographic : 1913 Dec
Photo by Wiele and Klein A WORSHIPER OF SIVA The three stripes of sacred ashes rubbed across the forehead and arms of this Sadhu brand him as a worshiper of Siva. A member, with Brahma and Vishnu, of the supreme Trinity of the Hindu pan theon, Siva is worshipped under three aspects. First he is the de stroyer, and then the restorer. In Hindu thought he may be said to typify the destructive and recreative power of nature. In his third aspect he is the great ascetic and miracle worker who accomplishes his results by meditation and penance. He is also god of the arts, especially of dancing. Photo byW. M. Zumbro AN ASCETIC FOLLOWER OF SANKARACHARYA Sankaracharya, who was born about 789 A. D., was one ofthe most profound and influential ofHindu theologians and reformers. He taught the existence of a supreme God and systematized the phi losophy of the Vedas. So greatwas his learning that he came tobe regarded as an incarnation of Siva; and, though he died when only 32 years of age, he has exercisedand still exercises a-potent influence on Hindu thought. Note that the Sadhu inthe picture wears the trifundra,or three ash lines of Siva, onhis forehead.