National Geographic : 2009 Apr
Deir el Bahri Semna Buhen Faras Qasr Ibrim Kuban El Dakka Elephantine Kom Ombo El Kab Kom el Ahmar Idfu Karnak (Scene at right) Medinet Habu Armant Speos Artemidos Serabit el Khadim Beni Hasan Qis Mit Rahina (Memphis) Sai El Ashmunein Fertile land Gebel el Silsila sandstone quarries Aswan granite quarries Hatnub alabaster quarries Valley of the Kings Red Sea Nile Gulf of Suez Mediterranean Sea Cairo Thebes (Luxor) Alexandria Aswan El Faiyum oasis Western Desert SINAI Nubian Desert LOWER EGYPT UPPER EGYPT LOWER NUBIA SUDAN EGYPT Boundary claimed by Sudan 0mi 50 0km 50 Historical shoreline and drainage shown; present-day boundaries and place-names in gray EXTENT OF MAIN MAP AFRICA Thebes Building site LEGACY IN STONE Hatshepsut erected many monuments along the Nile and in the Sinai but focused on her capital at Thebes, today the ruins of Karnak and Luxor. A high priest of the god Amun wears a distinc- tive leopard skin. A royal scribe records each offering as it is presented. GLORIES OF HER REIGN In the wake of the campaigns fought by her predecessors at the dawn of the New Kingdom, Hatshepsut ushered in a time of peace and recovery. By her command, temples damaged during the earlier conflicts were restored, new ones were built, and obelisks were quarried in Aswan. With lucrative trade contacts reestablished, Egypt once again received timber from Lebanon, turquoise from mines in the Sinai, and a wealth of luxuries (right) from the land of Punt.