National Geographic : 2009 Apr
Other siblings Neferure Mutnofret Other siblings Ahmose- Meryetamun Amenhotep I Thutmose I Isis Amenhotep II Meryetre Hatshepsut Ahmose Ahmose- Nefertari Sitkamose Ahmose Thutmose II Spouse Child Thutmose III HATSHEPSUT Pharaoh Hatshepsut was born, Egyptian power was waxing. Her possible grandfather Ahmose, founder of the 18th dynasty, had driven out the formidable Hyksos invaders who had occupied the northern part of the Nile Valley for two centuries. When Ahmose s son Amenhotep I did not produce a son who lived to succeed him, a redoubtable general known as utmose is be- lieved to have been brought into the royal line since he had married a princess. Hatshepsut was the oldest daughter of ut- mose and his Great Royal Wife, Queen Ahmose, likely a close relative of King Ahmose. But ut- mose also had a son by another queen, and this son, utmose II, inherited the crown when his father "rested from life." Adhering to a common method of fortifying the royal lineage---and with none of our modern-day qualms about sleeping with your sister--- utmose II and Hatshepsut married. ey produced one daughter; a minor wife, Isis, would give utmose the male heir that Hatshepsut was unable to provide. utmose II did not rule for long, and when he was ushered into the a erlife by what CT scans 3,500 years later would suggest was heart disease, his heir, utmose III, was still a young boy. In time-honored fashion, Hatshepsut as- sumed e ective control as the young pharaoh s queen regent. So began one of the most intriguing periods of ancient Egyptian history. At first, Hatshepsut acted on her stepson s behalf, careful to respect the conventions under HATSHEPSUT'S FAMILY TREE The female pharaoh's mother, Ahmose, is believed to have been a king's daughter, which gave Hatshepsut a unique advantage. Her father, Thutmose I, had no royal blood. Hatshepsut may have used her status to seize power after her stepson inherited the throne. NEW KINGDOM LATE PERIOD GRECO-ROMAN PERIOD CA 332 B.C. -- A.D. 395 THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD ca 1539 B.C. ca 1075 B.C. ca 715 B.C. 332 B.C. Tawosret ca 1198 B.C. -- 1190 B.C. Tutankhamun Ramses II Taharqa Cleopatra VII (ruled as a queen) HATSHEPSUT ca 1479 B.C. -- 1473 B.C. Regent for Thutmose III ca 1473 B.C. -- 1458 B.C. Pharaoh and co-ruler with Thutmose III Royal cartouche of the pharaoh Hatshepsut NG ART SOURCES: ZAHI HAWASS, SUPREME COUNCIL OF ANTIQUITIES TIME LINE ; HATSHEPSUT: FROM QUEEN TO PHARAOH, METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART FAMILY TREE Scholarly interpretations of royal lineages differ.