National Geographic : 2009 Aug
PACIFIC OCEAN Bering Sea Sea of Okhotsk Kuril Lake Ozernaya Bolshaya Kekhta Kol Kolpakova Krutogorova Oblukovina Zhupanova Kovran Utkholok Kvachina Bystra ya Vyvenka Opala Kamchatka KOL-KEKHTA REGIONAL EXPERIMENTAL SALMON RESERVE SOUTH KAMCHATKA RESERVE Koryak Range KAMCHATKA PENINSULA Commander Islands Central Range Kuril Islands Koryaksky Volcano 11,339 ft 3,456 m MAGADAN OBLAST KAMCHATKA KRAI RUSSIA Ust-Bolsheretsk Klyuchi Kovran Sobolevo Khailino Tilichiki Kolpakovsky Petropavlovsk- Kamchatsky PIPELINE UNDER CONSTRUCTION Malki Hatchery Kol River Biostation EXISTING PIPELINE 160°E 57°N T , rug- ged and remote, is a vast blade of land stabbing southwestward through cold seas from the main- land of northeastern Russia. Its coastline is scalloped like the edges of an obsid- ian dagger. Its highlands rise to cone-shaped volcanic peaks, snow-streaked in summer, and to ridges of bare, gray rock. Its gentler slopes are upholstered in boreal greens. It s a wild place, in which brown bears and Steller s sea-eagles thrive on a diet rich in fatty sh. About 350,000 people inhabit Kamchatka Krai (its label as a governmental region), and they too are highly dependent on sh. In fact, you can t begin to understand Kamchatka without considering one extraordinary genus: Oncorhynchus, encom- passing the six species of Paci c salmon. en again, it might also be said: You can t understand the status and prospects of Onco- rhynchus on Earth without considering Kam- chatka, the secret outback where at least 20 AREA ENLARGED PACIFIC OCEAN RUSSIA Irkutsk Moscow ASIA 0mi 50 0km 50 NGM MAPS SOURCES: IHS ENERGY; STATE OF THE SALMON; UNEP AND IUCN Protected area Proposed for protection Salmon hatchery Some of the planet's last pristine habitat for wild Pacific salmon includes six spawning basins targeted for special protection.