National Geographic : 1890 May
120 National Geographic Magazine. it was sent by Bering from Kamchatka, before his return to Russia, and to the Senate at St. Petersburg, to which Bering did not report. Whether due to the transcriber or the printer there are several very obvious errors in the list as printed by Campbell, and when it is com pared with Bering's own list we see that there are also several interpo lations. But the positions adopted in the chart, said by Du Halde to have been brought to St. Petersburg by Bering on his return (a statement con firmed by the mention of a chart in the report itself), are not identical with the positions enumerated in the list. This leads to the suspicion that Bering's first chart was not published, and that the chart issued was due to a recomputation and revision of his data. This suspicion is made stronger by the statement of Lauridsen, who gives no authority, however, that Bering's chart was made in Moscow in 1731,* though this may merely mean that some of the copies which were distributed to various personages were so prepared. These manuscript copies of the chart and report were sent to various foreign courts, as a matter of general interest, by the Russian authori ties. The copy used by Du Halde was communicated to him by the King of Poland who had received it as a " Present worthy of his regard and curiosity " (Du Halde, iv, p. 439, Brookes' ed.) . Other copies were sent to Sweden'and probably to England and other countries. In the journal, "Ymer," of the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geog raphy (1884, p. 93) is a short notice by E. Dahlgren of three manuscript copies of Bering's chart of his first expedition, or rather of charts embodying its results. Two of these charts are in the Royal archives of Sweden and measures 58 x 135 cm. One of them is ornamented with ten colored drawings of natives of Siberia. The other is without these but does not seem to be a copy of the first as it has a number of sound ings between St. Lawrence and the Diomede Islands which are not on the former, and some names which are peculiar to it. Both have many more names than are given on the chart published by Du Halde. Both of the manuscripts have a legend referring to the coast from the Kolyma eastward, on the north coast of Siberia, to the effect that it is put down from older charts and information, doubtless furnished by the archives at Yakutsk. The third copy is in the possession of Baron Robert Klinckofstrom, of Stafsund, Sweden. Through the kind offices of Baron Nordenskiold and the generosity of Baron Klinckofstrom, the last mentioned chart has been forwarded to the writer through the Smithsonian Institution for examination. It appears to be essentially the same as the second of the two charts referred to as comprised in the Royal Swedish Archives. The result of my examination of it leads me to the belief that there were two dif ferent charts sent out in manuscript by the Russian authorities. The first, which I regard as the earlier, and which is certainly more accu rate, shows the island of St. Demetrius in its proper place in accord ance with Bering's Report and list of positions. It formed the basis of * Lauridsen, Am. ed., p. 57.