National Geographic : 1890 Jul
Arctic Cruise of the U. S. S. Thetis in 1889. 189 We looked with eagerness to the sea which stretched, appar ently, to the north pole, and then headed to the southward into Mackenzie bay. After three hours' steaming from our first anchorage we reached the southeast side of the island and found the two miss ing whalers lying quietly at anchor, Captain Brooks giving a hearty and relieved cry of Sail ho , when the vessels were seen, and we were all pleased to see them safe and secure. We came to anchor close by them and the two captains were soon on board. They reported that they had remained behind to watch for the return of whales from the northeastward, but so far without any success. They had determined to remain until Sep tember, and contemplated the possibility of wintering at this place. Soon after we anchored, Eskimos who lived at the mouth of the Mackenzie came on board, and they looked at the ship with the greatest surprise and interest. They had not seen vessels before this summer, though the traditions concerning the " Enterprise " and " Investigator," under Collinson and McClure, still survived. Sleeping soundly that night, for the first time in many days, the following morning boat parties were dispatched to complete the circumnavigation of the island and to make running surveys in the vicinity. A small, snug harbor was found and surveyed near-by our anchorage, capable of receiving vessels of less than 16 feet draught; this was named Pauline cove. It would prove a fairly good place for one of the light-draught steamers going up this year to use as winter-quarters. The waters between Herschel island and the mainland were found after examination too full of shoals and sand- and gravel bars to form a ship-channel. A rise and fall of tide of three feet was found, and the ship swung regularly to an ebb and flood. While the boats were out sounding I went ashore and, climbing nearly to the top of the island, had a beautiful view of the clear and open water of Mackenzie bay, to the east and northeast ; while to the southeastward were the islands clustering about the shallow mouth of the Mackenzie, and directly to the south were the British and Buckland mountains, merging gradually into the Rocky mountains and the great chains which form the back bone of the American continent.