National Geographic : 1891 May 29
Puget's Cruise and Discoveries. petual frost." A low projecting point on the western side of the entrance to Yakutat bay was named " Point Manby." The coast beyond this toward the northeast became less wooded, and seemed to produce only a brownish vegetation, which farther eastward entirely disappeared. The country was then bare and composed of loose stones. The narrative contains an interesting account of the grand coast scenery from St. Elias to the eastern end of the Fairweather range; but this does not at present claim atten tion. While the Chatham continued her cruise eastward, Puget as cended Yakutat bay nearly to its head, and also navigated some of the channels between the islands along its eastern shore. A cape on the eastern side, where the bay penetrates the first range of foot-hills, was named " Point Latouche; " but the same land mark had previously been designated " Pa. de la Esperanza " by Malaspina. The bay at the head of the inlet,'which Malas pina had named " Desanganio," was named " Digges sound," after one of the officers of the Chatham. Boats were sent to ex plore this inlet, but found it " closed from side to side by a firm, compact body of ice, beyond which, to the back of the ice, a small inlet appeared to extend N. 55° E. about a league."* These observations confirm those made by Malaspina and in dicated on the chart reproduced on plate 7, where the ice front is represented as reaching as far south as Haenke island. The evidence furnished by Malaspina and Vancouver as to the former extent of the glaciers at the head of Yakutat bay is in harmony with observations made by Vancouver's party in Icy strait and Cross sound.- Early in July, 1794, these straits were found to be heavily encumbered with floating ice. At the pres ent time but little ice is met with in that region. On Vancouver's charts there is no indication that he was aware of the existence of Glacier bay, although one of his officers, in navigating Icy strait, passed its immediate entrance. These records, although somewhat indefinite and of negative character, indicate that the fields of floating ice at the mouth of Glacier bay were much more extensive a hundred years ago than at present; but they do not show where the glaciers of that region formerly terminated. After the return of the Chatham'sboats from the exploration of * Vancouver's Voyage, vol. 5, p. 389. t Ibid., pp. 417-421 .
1892 Feb 19