National Geographic : 1891 May 29
Malaspina's Measurement of St. Elias. returned to the bay where they had anchored. [*] They there observed the latitude to be 590 59' 30", and six azimuths of the sun, which gave the variation of the needle as 320 49'. Before leaving that anchorage the com mander buried a bottle with record of the reconnoissance and possession taken in the name of the king. They called the harbor Desangafio, the opening Bahia de las Bancas, and the island in the interior Haenke, in memory of D. Tadeo Haenke, botanist and naturalist of the expedition. On the third day they set out on their voyage to Mulgrave, where they arrived on the 6th, after reconnoitering various channels and islands north of that port and mapping them." Following the portion of the narrative above quoted, there is an account of the natives, containing much information of interest to ethnologists, but which it is not necessary to follow in a geographic report. On July 5 the corvettes sailed west ward, and made a reconnoissance as far as Montegue island. Returning eastward, they again sighted Mount St. Elias on July 22. " On the 28th they were three leagues west of the capes which terminate in Bering bay [Dry bay]; the mountain of that name being about five leagues distant from the coast and rising 5,368.3 varas [14,722 feet] above the sea-level, and in latitude 590 0' 42" and longitude 2° 4' from Port Mulgrave." Mount Bering does not appear on any map that I have seen. Which of the numerous high peaks in the vicinity of Dry bay should be designated by that name remains to be determined. In a record of the astronomical work of Malaspina's expedi tion t there are some interesting observations on the position and elevation of Mount St. Elias, a translation of which, by Mr. Stein, is here given: " True longitude of Mulgrave west of Cadiz, 1330 24 / 12". On the same day, the 30th of June , at the observatory of Mulgrave, at 6h. 30' in the morning, the true altitude of the sun was observed to be 16° 14' 20", and its inclination being 23° 11' 30/ and the latitude 59° 34' 20//, the true azimuth of the sun from north to east was concluded to be 710 43' 0". But having measured on the same occasion with the theodolite 1100 33 / from the sun's vertical to the vertical of Mount St. Elias, the difference between these two quantities is the astronomic azimuth. Hence, from * On the coast of the mainland east of Knight island. - I . C . R. t Memorias sobre las observaciones .astronomicas hechas por les nave gantes Espanfoles en distintos lugares del globe; Por Don Josef Espinosa y Tello. Madrid, en la Imprente real, Afo de 1809, 2 vols., large 8°; vol. 1, pp. 57-60.
1892 Feb 19