National Geographic : 1892 Feb 19
Account of the Russian Officer (Waxel). 229 landed. When they had approached near enough to be heard they be gan to call out, 'Agai, agai,' and then went back. M . Tschirikow did not know what to think of their conduct, and now, despairing of the return of his men and having no more boats to send on shore, he determined, on the 27th of July, to leave the place, follow the coast as much as possi ble, and then return to Kamshatka. M. de l'Isle, then, makes an addition of his own when he says that 'M. Tschirikow made many excursions into the country, during the month of August, while waiting for the re turn of his men.' To return to the truth, M. Tschirikow, in a distance of one hundred miles, never lost sight of land ; he battled often with con trary winds, had much anxiety on account of the heavy fogs, and lost an anchor which he had put out, not far from the coast, in a moment of great danger. He was visited by twenty-one canoes, of tanned skins, each one containing a man; but this was all-for he was unable to converse with them. The scarcity of water and the scurvy carried off many of his men. Among the officers he lost two lieutenants-Lichat schew and Plautin, fine men and excellent mariners-who might have rendered good service had they lived. M . Tschirikow himself began to have the symptoms of disease, but good food and the air on land restored him to health. M. de la Croyere was not so fortunate; he appeared to have held his own until he was just at the point of death. His compan ions marveled at the good effects of the large quantities of brandy which lie drank every day; but they soon saw that the only good it did him was to make him forget his sufferings. He (lied on the 10th of October, as they were entering the port of Avatscha, having dressed himself to go on shore and having celebrated his arrival by new excesses. We cannot ignore the important service rendered by M. de la Croyere to the expedi tion, when he recognized the Americans who came to M. Tschirikow as bearing great resemblance to the inhabitants of Canada, whom he had met while serving in that country seventeen years before coming to Russia, with the King of France's troops." NOTE.- A pamphlet which has just come into my possession, entitled " Lettre de Monsieur d'Anville au R. P. Castel, Jesuit. Au sujet des Pays de Kamtchatka," etc (24mo, Paris, 1737), throws some light on the map of du Halde (1732), and definitely fixes the date and locality of the obser vation of the eclipse of the moon referred to by de 1'Isle and the Russian officer, as well as later geographers. D'Anville says: "The map of Bering's voyage is attributed to me. * - * The only part I had therein was to reduce it from the much larger original map, of which I had made a tracing by means of oiled paper. * * * I first learned of Bering's voyage by letters from de l'Isle, then in Russia; and finally an account of this voyage having been sent to R. P. du Halde by His Majesty Stanislas, King of Poland, it was placed in my hands. 31-NAT. GEOG. MAG., VOL. III, 1891.
1892 Mar 31
1891 May 29